With the goods receipt (GR) you post the physical inward movement of goods from an external vendor or from production and then complete a goods movement, which leads to an increase in the warehouse stock.
You have the option of planning goods receipts and in so doing of monitoring stock of ordered or in-house produced materials.
reservations to manually plan goods receipts. Reserved quantities are displayed as planned receipts in the stock overview and plant stock availability.
- As long as you create goods receipts with reference to purchase orders (MM) or production orders (PP), they already stage all the information necessary for planning. In the stock overview and plant stock availability, purchase order quantities at SKU level are identified as on-order stock, and quantities in production orders as total open order quantity.
- If you create goods receipts without reference to a purchase order or a production order, you can enter
Goods receipts for purchase orders
As long as you work with the MM component purchasing, deliveries of goods usually take place with reference to purchase orders, which have been arranged by the purchasing department. The purchase order document used by purchasing to request goods from a vendor is not only an important planning and monitoring tool for purchasing, but also for MRP, inventory management, and invoice verification. Refer to the documentation on Entering Goods Receipts for more details.
Goods receipt for production orders
As long as you use the PP component production orders, deliveries of goods usually take place from production with reference to production orders. The document production order not only documents why a material is produced, but is also an important planning and monitoring tool for MRP and inventory management.
Other goods receipts
As long as you create goods receipts without reference to a purchase order or to an order, you can plan goods receipts via reservations. For other goods receipts such as initial entry of stock balances, goods receipts of by-products,
free of charge deliveries, and
returns, please refer to the SAP standard documentation on these subjects.
In the AFS system you have the option of processing goods receipts at SKU level and of using AFS-specific additional functions that are available independent of the reference of the goods receipt. For detailed information on AFS enhancements, please see the following documentation:
Entering a Goods Receipt for Purchase Orders and Orders
Entering a Goods Receipt for a Shipping Notification
Entering a Goods Receipt Without a Reference
Setting the Delivery Completed Indicator
Specifying Underdelivery and Overdelivery Tolerances
Please see the appropriate SAP standard documentation for the
Effects of Posting a Goods Receipt.
When posting goods receipts, other receipts, or transfer postings, a missing parts check is not executed at SKU level.