Show TOC

Function documentationPackage Building

 

You can use this function to create packages from products. In doing so, you decide how the system plans a specific quantity of a product in a package. Based on the rules that you have defined in the master data of SCM Basis, the system then assigns the partial quantities of a product to specific packages. You can define specific rules for package building for each combination of product, customer, and location. When you do so, the system also takes into account the height and weight of the packing material. If several rules apply to the building of a package, the system always selects the most specific rule.

You can create packages that contain only a single product. However, you can also create mixed packages that contain several different products. Furthermore, you can create packages that consist of several overlapping layers. The layers within a package can also contain different products, which results in mixed layers. Finally, you can plan a package in a different package. For example, you can plan 24 cans in one box and 100 boxes in ten layers on one pallet.

You can use the settings made within this function to build packages in SAP Transportation Management (SAP TM). For more information about building packages in SAP TM, see SAP Library for SAP Transportation Management on SAP Help Portal at Start of the navigation path http://help.sap.comInformation published on SAP site Next navigation step Planning Next navigation step Creation and Editing of Freight Units Next navigation step Determination of Freight Unit Building Rules Next navigation step Package Building End of the navigation path.

Prerequisites

You have entered at least the unit of measure of the package or a package itself in transaction sm30 in view Product – Package Type Assignment (/SCMB/PRD_PKG_AS). If you have not specified the unit of measure of the package, when building packages, the system uses the base unit of the product that you specified in the master data of SCM Basis in transaction /SAPAPO/MAT1 (Define Product).

Note Note

If you only entered the unit of measure of the package and did not define any other master data for the package, the system does not consider the weight and height of the packaging material itself when building packages.

End of the note.

For every product for which the system is to build packages, you have defined alternative units of measure in the master data of SCM Basis in transaction /SAPAPO/MAT1 (Define Product) on the Units of Measure tab page. You have entered data including the maximum quantities of products that fit into one package. Additionally, you can enter the maximum height and maximum weight of a package on the Packaging Data tab page.

Note Note

You can lower the values entered here for the maximum height and maximum weight of a package in view Product – Package Type Assignment (/SCMB/PRD_PKG_AS).

End of the note.

If you want to build mixed packages, you have entered alternative units of measure for products, the maximum quantity of products, and the maximum height of a layer in the master data of SCM Basis in transaction /SAPAPO/MAT1 (Define Product) on the Units of Measure tab page. You can also define several different values for planning a product in different package types.

Note Note

You can only build mixed packages for several products if these products have been assigned to the same package with the same unit of measure for the level and the same unit of measure for the package in view Product – Package Type Assignment (/SCMB/PRD_PKG_AS).

End of the note.

If you want to use a piece of equipment as a package, you must have specified an equipment group and an equipment type. For more information about equipment, see the system documentation on view cluster Maintain Equipment Type Lists (/SCMB/C_EQU). You can call up this view cluster using transaction sm30.

Features

When building packages, you can divide the quantity of a product using the following criteria:

  • Quantity per package

  • Maximum height of the package

  • Maximum weight of the package

You can specify the maximum height and the maximum weight that the system considers when building a package with a specific product in the following locations in the system:

  1. You can specify the maximum height and the maximum weight of a package in the master data of SCM Basis under Define Product (/SAPAPO/MAT1) on the Packaging Data tab page.

  2. You can lower these values in view Product – Package Type Assignment (/SCMB/PRD_PKG_AS).

  3. Finally, you can specify the maximum height and the maximum weight of products in the master data of SCM Basis under Define Product (/SAPAPO/MAT1) on the Units of Measure tab page.

When building packages, the system considers the lowest maximum height and the lowest maximum weight for a product or a package.

When building mixed packages, you can also define the following criteria:

  • Quantity per level

  • Height of a level

For more information, see the system documentation.

Example

You have 105 laptops and 117 mini hi-fi systems. 90 laptops and 80 mini hi-fi systems form a complete package, while 10 laptops and 16 mini hi-fi systems form one level. If you allow mixed packages to be built with mixed layers when building packages, the system plans to put the remaining 15 laptops and 37 mini hi-fi systems in a mixed package with one layer consisting of 10 laptops, two layers each consisting of 16 mini hi-fi systems, and one mixed layer consisting of 5 laptops and 5 mini hi-fi systems.