The process of using characteristics to describe different versions of the same material is known in the ERP system as variant configuration. Characteristics are assigned via classes to configurable materials.
If you are not familiar with the concepts of variant configuration, first read the following topics in the SAP Library for mySAP ERP under SAP ERP Central Component:
● Variant Configuration (LO-VC) underLogistics ® Logistics - General
● Classification (CA-CL)under Cross-Application Components ® Classification (CA-CL)
● Characteristics (CA-CLCHR) under Cross-Application Components ® Classification (CA-CL)
For the subsequent links to documentation, see also the SAP Library for mySAP ERP under SAP ERP Central Component.
1. You create the necessary characteristics in the system. For information about how to proceed, seeCross-Application Components ® Classification (CA-CL) ® Characteristics (CA-CLCHR) ® Creating, Changing, and Displaying Characteristics.
○ On the Basic data tab page, you enter a description for the characteristic, the data type (character, numeric, date, and so on), and the length of the field together with further formatting details as required.
○ On the Descriptions tab page, you can enter descriptions for the characteristic in other languages.
○ On the Values tab page, you enter possible values for the characteristic.
You might also want to use object dependencies to limit possible choices. You can specify that a characteristic is to be used if another characteristic has a particular value. For example, you can only select 21 gears for a bicycle if characteristic MODEL has the value Racing. For more information, see Cross-Application Components ® Classification (CA-CL) ® Classification (CA-CL) ® Object Dependencies in Classification.
When creating characteristics, do not set the Multi-value indicator. CBF cannot process multi-value characteristics.
2. You create classes. Classes group characteristics together so that you can assign them to a material. For more information, see Cross-Application Components ® Classification (CA-CL) ® Classification (CA-CL) ® Creating, Changing, and Displaying Classes.
Classes that you create for variant configuration must have the class type 300. For more information, see Logistics ® Logistics - General ® Variant Configuration (LO-VC) ® Defining Variant Classes.
3. You can now create the configurable material and assign it the class(es) you created in the previous step. For more information about creating material master records, see Logistics ® Logistics - General ® Logistics Basic Data (LO-MD) ® Material Master (LO-MD-MM).
For an example of the data that must be entered for a configurable material, see Logistics ® Logistics - General ® Variant Configuration (LO-VC) ® Defining a Material as Configurable ® Material Master Data for Configurable Materials.
You can now transfer the data to the SAP SCM system via APO Core Interface (APO-CIF) (see Transfer of Data for CBF from SAP R/3 to SAP APO).