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 Planned Costs in Variant Manufacturing Locate this document in the navigation structure

You can calculate the costs for the variant in a number of different ways:

  • You can cost the sales order item.

  • You can cost the production order for the configured material.

  • You can define frequently used variants as and create a material master record for them. You can calculate the costs in a standard cost estimate for the material.

You can use these methods to calculate the standard price of a variant and to valuate the inventory (see also: Valuated Sales Order Stock: Valuation ).

If a goods receipt has been entered, the standard price entered by the system into the material master record of the variant at the point of the goods receipt is not changed automatically if you cost the same variant again.

Standard Cost Estimates for Variants

For frequently used variants, you can create a material master record that points to the configurable material. You can create a standard cost estimate for these products. The system creates the quantity structure from the dependencies between the components, and determines the costs required to manufacture the configured material.

Note Note

The standard cost estimate for the configured material is based on the standard dependencies. In the sales order, you can define a customer-specific variant that does not have to be the same as the costed variant.

End of the note.

Sales Order Cost Estimates for Configured Materials

With a sales order cost estimate you do not have to create a material master record for the variant. You define the configuration of the product in the sales order by choosing   Item   Structure   Configuration and selecting the characteristic values. This structure then serves as a basis for the sales order cost estimate. You can also use an   order BOM cost estimate .

Prerequisites for Costing Configured Materials

Sales order costing is frequently used to calculate planned costs for products that are configured in the sales order. Check the following:

  • You have created a configurable material . Do not use materials of standard material type KMAT. Instead, use a material type for which you specify in Customizing that it is configurable. The Basic Data view of the material master record shows whether the material can be configured.

  • An accounting view is created for the configurable material.

  • You have created a BOM for the configurable material and have maintained object dependencies for the BOM components.

  • You have created a routing with the operations for the configurable material and maintained object dependencies for the individual operations.

  • You have created a class with all the characteristics (color, weight, and so forth) for the confirmation of the material. The class must have class type 300.

  • You have assigned the configurable material to at least one class.

See also:

For more information on configuration, see the documentation LO Variant Configuration Guide , CA Classification Guide and CA Characteristics Guide .

For more information on standard cost estimates for variants, see the documentation Product Cost Planning .

Selected Logistical Processes and Cost Objects

For information on calculating overhead expenses, both in general and with respect to configuration simulation, refer to the section Overhead in Sales-Order-Related Production .