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The settlement process allocates the actual costs incurred for a general cost object to one or more receiving objects (such as a profitability segment or cost center). This automatically generates one or more offsetting entries to credit the general cost object.


Settlement is only possible if a settlement rule exists for the general cost object.

Settlement Rules

You create a settlement rule for each general cost object. The settlement rules define how the costs are settled.

A settlement rule consists of one or more distribution rules. The distribution rules establish the following:

  • Which receiver object the costs are settled to (such as cost center or profitability segment)

  • How the costs are distributed (for example, as a percentage or as equivalence numbers)

  • Which costs are settled (for example, all the costs incurred in a particular settlement period or the total costs incurred for the sender)

Settlement Type

Your entries in the cost object category determine which settlement type is set by the system.

  • For cost object category SAP2 (general cost object: periodic), the time base is periodic .

The system sets the settlement type PER (periodic).

  • For cost object category SAP6 (general cost object: cumulative planning), the time base is cumulative.

The system sets the settlement type FUL (full settlement) .



You can use the Schedule Manager to assist you in performing the period-end closing activities. For more information, refer to the following sections:



Flow Definition

If you use the Schedule Manager with the flow definition, you can use the multilevel worklist to reprocess the faulty objects. For more information, see the following section:

Multilevel Worklist


You can post the settlement on the last day of the period, or specify a different posting date. The posting date must lie within the period for which overhead is calculated.

Improving Performance

You can use parallel processing to reduce the runtime of the settlement process.

  • If you perform settlement outside the Schedule Manager , enter a server group for background processing.

  • If you perform settlement using the Schedule Manager , set the Parallel processing indicator in the selection screen of the program when you create the job variant. An entry field then appears in which you enter the server group.

Schedule Manager: Multilevel Worklist

You can view and edit the objects with errors that were processed with the individual functions. You use the multilevel worklist for this purpose. The multilevel worklist enables you to edit the faulty objects of an individual processing step (that is, a single function) or of an entire processing step sequence.

A prerequisite for the multilevel worklist is that you are using the Schedule Manager in conjunction with a flow definition.

See: Integration in this section.

See also:

Control Parameters for Settlement

Creating a Settlement Rule for a General Cost Object