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An internal order is used to monitor parts of the costs, and under certain circumstances, the revenues of the organization.


You can create an internal order to monitor the costs of a time-restricted job or the costs (and revenues, if required) for the production of activities. Internal orders can also be used for the long-term monitoring of costs.

  • Overhead cost orders are used for the time-restricted monitoring of overhead costs (that are incurred when you execute a job) or for the long-term monitoring of parts of the overhead costs.

  • Investment orders let you monitor investment costs that can be capitalized and settled to fixed assets.

  • Accrual orders enable you to monitor period-related accrual calculation between expenses posted in Financial Accounting and the costing-based costs debited in Cost Accounting.

  • Orders with revenues let you monitor costs and revenues that are incurred for activities for external partners, or for internal activities that do not form part of the core business for your organization.

  • You can use model orders as a reference, when creating new internal orders.

You can find further information on the internal order types mentioned above, in Orders Classified by Content .


You can use the following transaction-related postings on internal orders for the allocation of costs between different areas of cost accounting:

  • Repostings of Primary Costs and Revenues

Repostings enable you to repost primary costs, which you had previously assigned to a given internal order in Financial Accounting. They also enable you to refine the original assignment (true to the cost element) to other internal orders, or to repost cost centers.

  • Direct Internal Activity Allocations

The system posts internal activities (such as those supplied by the cost center) to the internal order that received the activity, using the corresponding activity type .

  • Creating Statistical Key Figures

Statistical key figures on internal orders are for information purposes only.

Example Example

For example, if you want to post all the costs incurred for a trade fair to a trade fair order, you create statistical key figures for the following:

End of the example.
  • The number of visitors to your trade stand,

  • Requests for further meetings

  • The total number of orders arising from your trade fair participation.

  • Funds Commitments

This function allows you to enter costs, which you know will definitely occur, but you do not yet know through which transaction they will be caused (for example, purchase order, material reservations, and so on).

You can thus reserve parts of the order budget at an early stage.

For more information on funds commitment, see Commitments Management .

  • Allocation of Overhead Costs

You can allocate overhead costs to internal orders using overhead calculation or cost center assessment.

For more information on allocations, see Manual Actual Postings .