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Function documentationInternal Order Settlement to One Receiver Locate this document in the navigation structure


You settle the costs collected on an internal order to one cost center, one G/L account, or one business process using one settlement cost element.

Caution Caution

If you have entered a general settlement rule for an internal order, you cannot use the kind of order settlement described here.

End of the caution.


In the settlement parameters, you need to assign a settlement profile to the internal order. As you cannot maintain settlement parameters when you settle to one receiver, you can store the settlement profile in the order type. Otherwise, you need to create the internal order with the help of a reference order, which has a settlement profile assigned to it.

Before you can settle an order, it must have a status that allows the Settlement business transaction. If you posted revenues to internal orders, you cannot settle them to cost centers.


Note Note

The system always uses the document type "SA" during settlement to one receiver. If you wish to use another type of document for your order settlement, use the more comprehensive settlement.

You can find more information on more comprehensive settlement in the SAP Library under   Financials   CO Controlling   Internal Orders   Settlement  

End of the note.


Settlement Cost Element

Credit for the Order


Settlement Type

Cost Center

Category 21 (internal settlement

Under the settlement cost element

Takes place on the cost center under the settlement cost element

Settlement is made by period: The system always only calculates the cost from the period specified during settlement.

G/L account

Category 22 (external settlement)

Under the settlement cost element

Takes place on the G/L account

The system executes a cumulative settlement of all the costs incurred on the internal order (up to, and including the settlement period).

To execute settlement by period, you must settle the order in each period.

This graphic is explained in the accompanying text.


  • To enter the settlement receiver and the settlement cost element, choose the Period-end closing tab page in the internal order master data. Then, in the Settlement to one receiver group box, enter the settlement cost element and the receiver for the costs collected on the order. When you settle the internal order, the system automatically creates the corresponding settlement rule and hides the Settlement Rule pushbutton.

  • To settle internal orders, choose:

    • Individual processing

      You use individual processing to control the settlement of individual internal orders.

    • Collective Processing

      Collective processing is normally used as part of period-end closing to trigger background processing. This is when you want to process a large number of internal orders.

    • Line item apportionment

      You only require line apportionment for capital-investment measures. You can find more information on line item apportionment for capital-investment measures in the SAP Library.

Collective Processing

In the initial screen for collective processing, make the following entries:

  • Selection variant

  • Parameters

  • Processing

To select internal orders, enter a selection variant.

You can define selection variants in customizing by choosing   Controlling   Internal Orders   Order Master Data   Selection and Collective Processing   Define Selection Variants  , or by choosing SelVariant

Note Note

These selection variants are also used elsewhere, such as collective processing of internal orders.

End of the note.

You can refer to order master data fields and order groups when making a selection. You can also determine classification characteristics during selection. However, this is not a good idea when you are processing large numbers of internal orders (more than 10,000).

You can find more information on the Parameter and Processing Control group boxes, in Carrying Out Settlement, located in the SAP Library under   Financials   CO Controlling   Internal Orders   Settlement