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Function documentation Posting Documents in Foreign Currency  Locate the document in its SAP Library structure


When you post a document in foreign currency, the system stores the amount in both local currency and foreign currency in each line item. The system checks whether the currency key has been defined and is therefore permitted.

Foreign currencies are needed, for example,

In the line items, all amounts are saved in both currencies. These include the posting amount, tax amount, and cash discount amount.


You have made the following specifications in the Implementation Guide under Global Settings:

In the master records for the G/L accounts, you have to define the currencies you can use to post to that account.

If exchange rate differences arise during clearing or valuating of items or accounts in foreign currency, the system generates postings. To enable the system to do this, you must have defined G/L accounts and posting keys.


To specify the foreign currency for your document, enter the appropriate currency key in the Currency field in the document header. There are several ways to enter an exchange rate:

Enter a posting date and the currency key in the document header. The system automatically transfers the exchange rate valid on the posting date. Exchange rates are defined in the system.

You can also enter the exchange rate directly in the document header via the currency key and exchange rate fields.

Enter a translation date in the document header. The system then automatically takes the exchange rate valid on this translation date.

The valid exchange rate is the one entered on the posting date or on the translation date, or the rate entered at an earlier time. For example, if you post a document on August 25, but the last exchange rate in the system setting is from August 22, the system uses the exchange rate from the entry on August 22.

You can enter the amount in each line item in both local and foreign currency.

You can enter documents in any foreign currency for which a currency key is defined in the system. If you manage a G/L account, for example a bank account, in a foreign currency, you can only post documents to this G/L account in the account currency, that is, the foreign currency.


For more information about clearing open items in foreign currency, see the SAP Library FI General Ledger Accounting, FI Accounts Receivable, and FI Accounts Payable.




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