Customers in Credit and Vendors in Debit
A credit balance on a customer account should be displayed as a payable; conversely, a debit balance on a vendor account should be displayed as a receivable. If such a situation arises, the program makes the appropriate adjustment postings automatically.
To do this, the system determines the total for each account and reconciliation account. This guarantees that special G/L transactions, for example down payments and bills of exchange are displayed separately from the payables and receivables. Accounts with the same consolidation company ID are considered together.
The receivables account in the figure above identifies a credit balance of $2000 for Customer 3. This payable is to be displayed in the balance sheet under the item "Other payables". You therefore transfer the amount to the account of that name. The receivables account is adjusted by a posting to the adjustment account.
Since you cannot post to the reconciliation accounts directly, the system makes adjustment postings for you. You should display the reconciliation account and the adjustment account under the same balance sheet item. The system posts the offsetting entry to a G/L account, under which the payable (or receivable) is now displayed in the balance sheet. You must have defined the account numbers for the adjustment accounts and the accounts for the offsetting entries in the system already. The posting keys are already defined in the standard system.
To define the account numbers, select the activity Define adjustment acts for reclassifying payabl./receivablesin the Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable Implementation Guide.