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Authorization Locate the document in its SAP Library structure

For authorization checks, there are many ways of linking authorization objects with user actions in an SAP system. The following discusses three possibilities in the context of ABAP programming.

Authorization Check for Transactions

You can directly link authorization objects with transaction codes. You can enter values for the fields of an authorization object in the transaction maintenance. Before the transaction is executed, the system compares these values with the values in the user master record and only starts the transaction if the appropriate authorization exists.

Authorization Check for ABAP Programs

For ABAP programs, the two objects S_DEVELOP (program development and program execution) and S_PROGRAM (program maintenance) exist. They contains a field P_GROUP that is connected with the program attribute authorization group. Thus, you can assign users program-specific authorizations for individual ABAP programs.

Authorization Check in ABAP Programs

A more sophisticated, user-programmed authorization check is possible using the Authority-Check statement. It allows you to check the entries in the user master record for specific authorization objects against any other values. Therefore, if a transaction or program is not sufficiently protected or not every user that is authorized to use the program can also execute all the actions, this statement must be used.

AUTHORITY-CHECK OBJECT object
                        ID name1 FIELD f1
                        ID name2 FIELD f2
                        ...

                        
ID namen FIELD fn.

object is the name of an authorization object. With name1, name2 ... , and so on, you must list all fields of the authorization object object. With  f1, f2 ... , and so on, you must specify the values that the system is to check against the entries in the relevant authorization of the user master record. The AUTHORITY-CHECK statement searches for the specified object in the user profile and checks the user’s authorizations for all values of f1, f2 ... . You can avoid checking a field name1, name2 ... by replacing FIELD f1  FIELD f2 with DUMMY.

After the FIELD addition, you can only specify an elementary field, not a selection table. However, there are function modules available that execute the AUTHORITY-CHECK statement for all values of selection tables. The AUTHORITY-CHECK statement is supported by a statement pattern.

Only if the user has all authorizations, is the return value sy-subrc of the AUTHORITY-CHECK statement set to 0. The most important return values are:

        0: The user has an authorization for all specified values.

        4: The user does not have the authorization.

        8: The number of specified fields is incorrect.

        12: The specified authorization object does not exist.

A list of all possible return values is available in the ABAP keyword documentation. The content of sy-subrc has to be closely examined to ascertain the result of the authorization check and react accordingly.

Example

REPORT demo_authorithy_check.

PARAMETERS pa_carr LIKE sflight-carrid.
DATA wa_flights LIKE demo_focc.

AT SELECTION-SCREEN.

  AUTHORITY-CHECK OBJECT 'S_CARRID'
                  ID 'CARRID' FIELD pa_carr
                  ID 'ACTVT' FIELD '03'.

  IF sy-subrc = 4.
    MESSAGE e045(sabapdocu) WITH pa_carr.

  ELSEIF sy-subrc <> 0.
    MESSAGE e184(sabapdocu) WITH text-010.
  ENDIF.

START-OF-SELECTION.

  SELECT  carrid connid fldate seatsmax seatsocc
    FROM  sflight
    INTO  CORRESPONDING FIELDS OF wa_flights
    WHERE carrid = pa_carr.

    WRITE: / wa_flights-carrid,
             wa_flights-connid,
             wa_flights-fldate,
             wa_flights-seatsmax,
             wa_flights-seatsocc.

  ENDSELECT.

In this example, the system checks with the authorization object S_CARRID whether or not the user has a display authorization (03) for the airline entered on a selection screen. If this is not the case, or a different error occurs, the Selection Screen Processing goes back to the display of the selection screen.

 

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