 Merchandise Category: Calculating Default Quantities if Variants are Missing If variants are missing, because they have not been created in the material master, for example, or are not listed for the plant in question, the system attempts to calculate default order quantities that match the original quantity ratios for the individual characteristics as closely as possible. The system adds the quantity that would have be calculated for a missing variants to the variants that only differ from the missing variant by one characteristic. As a result, the system can come closer to the original quantity ratios for the individual characteristics than if it ignored the missing variant altogether.

However, if a number of variants are missing for a generic article, it does not make sense to calculate default quantities.

The following example shows how quota scales are used in creating a purchase order for a generic article to calculate default order quantities if a variant is missing.

A generic article has the characteristics "color" and "size" with the following values:

• Colors: red, blue
• Sizes: S, M, L

Quota scales have been defined for both characteristics as follows:

 Color Quota red 1 blue 2

 Size Quota S 1 M 3 L 2

A purchase order is created with an order for 180 pieces of the generic article. If all the variants had been created, the quantities would be distributed as follows (see Merchandise Category: Calculating Default Quantities Using Quota Scales):

 S M L red 10 30 20 blue 20 60 40

However, if a variant has not been created for color blue, size L, the 40 pieces are distributed over the variants (S, blue), (M, blue) and (L, red) in the ratio 2:6:2. As a result, the total quantity of 180 pieces is distributed as follows:

 S M L red 10 30 28 blue 28 84 –

If the system creates fractions in the calculation, it gives priority to the variant with the largest fraction. 