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Background documentation Sites: Definitions Locate the document in its SAP Library structure

This section describes the relationship between merchandise categories, departments, receiving points and goods recipients.

A store can be divided into departments and receiving points. Stores are divided into departments for the purposes of retail management.
Departments play an important role in store-internal logistics. A department can be assigned to one receiving point.

Information can be stored at site/merchandise category level. This is important for the listing of articles and Inventory Management on a merchandise category level. A merchandise category can be assigned to a department at site level. Depending on the profile for value-based inventory management, you can define how inventory management is to be carried out per merchandise category.

The merchandise category to which an article belongs allows the following information to be determined for the supply of a store with merchandise:

- Departments to which articles are normally assigned. For example, article 4711 is assigned to merchandise category XY.

- Receiving points to which departments are assigned. For example, department E is assigned to receiving point 3.OG.

- Unloading points to which receiving points are assigned. For example, unloading point DOOR1 and goods recipient 1023 are assigned to receiving point 3.OG.

A store can have more than one unloading point. The carrier delivers goods to these unloading points.

A store has several departments. Departments can be determined for every store and merchandise category. When goods are received in a store, the system can automatically determine the department for every item in the delivery.

A store also has several receiving points. Every receiving point can be assigned one of the unloading points. Every department can be assigned a receiving point (for example, in the case of department stores).

The receiving point is located close to the goods recipient. The receiving point can be determined automatically via the merchandise category and the store concerned. This can be changed by the user, however.

The receiving point can be printed on delivery documents. Only items destined for the same receiving point can be contained in the one package.

Supplying (delivering) sites can be entered at merchandise category level to facilitate supply source determination. You can define a supplying site at site level as a default value. They can be maintained for different periods of validity.

The merchant ID is used for the settlement of payments made with payment cards (for example, credit cards, procurement cards) with the clearing house. The merchant ID is issued to retailers by the clearing house. If a site communicates with different clearing houses, different merchant IDs are possible.

 

See also:

Structure link Organizational Structure

SD Sales Processing: Structure link Payment Card Processing

FI Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Structure link Payment Cards

 

 

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