You can use the classification system in Cost Object Controlling for:
You can use classifying attributes as selection criteria in addition to the existing master data fields. In most cases this is only appropriate with user-defined characteristics, because most of the available master data fields match the object characteristics. You also have the option of using just the existing master data fields for selections and using classifying attributes to enhance the output. These attributes are available as display fields in the output list for this purpose.
If the available master data fields are not sufficient to define a summarization hierarchy for orders or projects, you can use classification for summarizing orders or reports. This enables you to use classifying attributes to create a hierarchy.
Check if the available master data fields fulfil your requirements. Only use classification when classifying attributes for selection or summarization are essential or when you must use user-defined characteristics. Classification has negative effects on system performance (see below).
Classificationcan be used in Cost Object Controlling for manufacturing orders, product cost collectors and internal orders.
To be able to use classification, you must set an indicator in Customizing for the applicable order type. This activates classification for that order type. All new orders that are created with that order type are then classified automatically. The system does this by filling and updating attributes called object characteristics with the values from the order (such as the name of the creator or the controlling area). Other characteristics (user-defined characteristics), in contrast, must be filled in manually when creating the order master.
These characteristics can then be used to select orders through a characteristic (such as all orders in controlling area 0001) or to summarize data through that characteristic (such as all order costs in plant 0001). The system creates a total for each characteristic value and updates it to what is called a summarization object.
Two types of characteristics are available for classification:
These are supplied by SAP in the standard system. From a list of characteristics, you select those that you want to use and generate them in each client in which you want to use these characteristics. The reference characteristics are fields in the order master that are summarized automatically.
If your requirements are not met by the reference characteristics, you can create your own characteristics. These characteristics are not classified automatically. They must be supplied with a value manually when you create a new order.
Carry out the following steps in Customizing for Product Cost ControllingInformation Systems and Cost Object Controlling:
You must activate classification for the relevant order types in Customizing.
Activate classification for the order types that you want to use for order hierarchies or order selection with classification or with classification attributes. You can also activate classification afterwards (after the orders have been created). In this case you must perform a recalculation run to reclassify existing orders.
These characteristics can contain information such as the sales order number in a non-SAP system or a product-specific attribute (color, etc.). It only makes sense to use classification in Cost Object Controlling if you are using user-defined characteristics in the classification.
Any user-defined characteristics that you create must be assigned to class SAP_KKR_CLASS, class type 013. You can define object dependencies for user-defined characteristics.
You can display the order hierarchy in the respective application component under Information System ® Reports forů ® Summarized Analysis ® With Defined Summarization Hierarchy with the hierarchy type order summarization.
Notes on Performance
If classification is activated in the order type, processing time is longer for creating and changing orders. Every time the order is saved, the classification data is updated again. This is especially limiting in logistical processing, because the saving of orders takes up more time than desired . If you want to avoid these negative effects (especially those which appear in shop floor control), deactivate classification in the order type during the period. Only activate it again before executing the data collection run for the order hierarchy. Subsequently start report RKOCLASS. This report allows you to classify orders at a later time. Afterwards execute the data collection run . Deactivate classification in the order type again for the following period. In this way, for example, you can carry out classification on a weekly basis.
For more information about how to use classification, see the Implementation Guide for Product Cost Controlling Information System under Cost Object Controlling ®Settings Summarized Analysis/Order selection ® Order Hierarchy and Selection with Classification.
See also:Order Selection Data Collection for Summarization Hierarchy Executing Data Collection for Summarization Hierarchies Performance in Product Cost Controlling