First perform the period-end closing activities on the dependent objects such as manufacturing orders (production orders and process orders), product cost collectors, and networks.
To perform the period-end closing activities for the manufacturing orders, go to the menu of Product Cost by Order.
To perform the period-end closing activities for the product cost collectors, go to the menu of Product Cost by Period.
To perform the period-end closing activities for the networks and WBS elements, go to the menu of Project Management.
There you check for the following, for example:
To improve performance in the period-end closing process of Product Cost by Sales Order, sure that the status CLSD (closed) is set for all sales document items that you do not want to include in the period-end closing process. The sales document items with the status CLSD are then not selected for processing in the period-end closing process. Use report program SAPKKA12 to set the status. Depending on the setting, the report checks:
Final results analysis should be performed for the sales document items that have the status TECO (technically completed). Final results analysis cancels work in process and reserves. This means that there is no more results analysis data on the sales document item after final results analysis.
The Final RA indicator is in Customizing for Product Cost by Sales Order in the Expert Mode of the valuation method. In the predefined results analysis methods, the indicator Final RA is already set. You do not normally need to make additional settings (see also:
Report program SAPKKA12 also includes SET structures. In this case, the status CLSD is set for the sales document item for which a results analysis key is specified. All items of the SET structure are checked.
Only set the status CLSD when you do not expect any more follow-up costs.
It is possible to reset the status CLSD.
If you update quantities and values separately in Materials Management (MM), make sure that all quantity movements are valuated before you run the period-end closing transactions.
For information on separate update of values and quantities, and on the resulting constraints (also with reference to Cost Object Controlling), refer to the release note Separation of Value Calculation from Goods Movements for Release 4.6A, and to the program documentation for program RM07MWBU Valuation of Goods Movements (program documentation can be accessed for example with transaction SE38).
You can use theSchedule Manager in the period-end closing process of Product Cost by Sales Order. The Schedule Manager simplifies the period-end closing process.
The following sections contain information on using the Schedule Manager without a multilevel worklist:Starting Transactions/Reports Online, Scheduling/Monitoring Jobs Starting Transactions/Reports Online, Scheduling Jobs/Job Chains, Monitoring Jobs
The following functions are available in the period-end closing process in Product Cost by Sales Order:
The activity types performed at a cost center and the allocated business processes are initially valuated with the planned prices of the activity type. You can revaluate the activity types or the business processes on the basis of the actual costs charged to the cost center. The difference between the planned activity prices and the actual activity prices is then applied to the cost objects (such as the sales order item).
You can perform results analysis for each sales order item to determine inventory values and reserves, and to reconcile the data of Profitability Analysis (CO-PA) and Financial Accounting (FI).
If you have performed results analysis, settlement transfers the results analysis data to subsequent application components.
If you have not performed results analysis, settlement transfers the costs and revenues posted on the sales order item to subsequent components.
If CO-PA is active, the following data is transferred to CO-PA based on the settlement rule that the system generates when the sales order is created:
In contrast to Product Cost by Period and Product Cost by Order, settlement transfers revenues, sales deductions, and the cost of sales to CO-PA. In Product Cost by Period and Product Cost by Order, revenues and the cost of sales are transferred to CO-PA with invoices.
You can settle the following data to FI and EC-PCA:
Reserves and inventory values are calculated in results analysis. Results analysis also calculates the cost of sales.
The results analysis data are transferred to Financial Accounting on the basis of the posting rules defined in Customizing.
For information on period-end closing in the Product Cost by Order component, see the following documentation:Product Cost by Order
For information on period-end closing in the Product Cost by Period component, see the following documentation:Product Cost by Period
For information on standard price calculation with valuated sales order inventories, see the following section:Standard Price Calculation with a Valuated Sales Order Stock
For information on valuated sales order stocks, see the following section:Valuated Sales Order Stock: Valuation
For information on the special requirements with a nonvaluated sales order stock, refer to the following section:General Information on Nonvaluated Sales Order Stocks
For detailed information on displaying the data, refer to the documentation Product Cost Controlling Information System.