In background processing, the SAP System automatically runs any report or program that you can start interactively.
When you schedule a job in the background processing system, you must specify:
The background processing system starts your job and runs the program(s) that you specify. Afterwards, you can check whether your job was executed successfully and display a log of any system messages.
Suppose you need to run a report of customers whose bills are overdue.You can:
The background processing system runs your "late bills" report according to your instructions. The list generated by the report is either printed directly or is waiting for you in the SAP output controller (see
When you start a report interactively, your current SAP session is blocked for further input for as long as the report runs.
When you start the report in the background, running the report does not influence your interactive work with the SAP System.
You can schedule a report or external program to run at any time that the SAP System is active. You can also set up reports to run automatically on a regular basis (for example, on the last day of each month).
To prevent tying up system resources with interactive sessions for long reports, the SAP System has a built-in time limit on interactive sessions. If a single ABAP report runs for more than 5 minutes continuously in an interactive session, the SAP System terminates the report automatically.
The background processing system executes long-running ABAP reports more efficiently. Often, such reports are automatically scheduled for execution in the background. In this case, you do not need to schedule them for background processing yourself.