Plant: Integration (Organizational Units)
Plants and company codes
A plant is assigned to exactly one company code.
Each plant has a unique number, which remains the same across company codes. This means that plants that belong to different enterprises cannot have the same number. This is vital if you carry out cross-enterprise business processing.
A plant is divided into storage locations that contain physical stock. Each storage location is assigned to exactly one plant.
Sales organizations are assigned to plants. Each sales organization can be assigned to several plants (an n:m relationship).
Sales organizations are assigned to plants. Each purchasing organization can be assigned to several plants (an n:m relationship).
Material valuation areas and plants
Material valuation is the process of determining the value of a material stock.
The following data is relevant for valuing a material:
The material valuation area and material valuation level can be set either at the company code or at the plant level.
We recommend setting them at plant level.
Plants and business areas
Using business area account assignment, you can assign several business areas - each responsible for a different division to one plant.
Plants and company codes
Several work centers can be made available to a plant. A work center can belong to a single plant. In the production area each work center is always assigned to a single plant.
Plants and shipping points
Several shipping points can be assigned to one plant and vice versa.
Several shipping points can be made available to one plant. Conversely, each shipping point can process shipping for several neighboring plants.
Plants and distribution chains
A distribution chain is the assignment between a sales organization and a distribution channel, through which the sales organization distributes materials.
Each plant is assigned to a distribution chain. The distribution chain can then sell materials from this plant – that is, each sales organization has one or more plants assigned to it depending on the distribution channel.
The plant and sales organization may be assigned to different company codes. Assignment of the distribution channel is important, since for example pick-up by the purchaser is not possible from all plants.
Each plant can be assigned to several distribution chains as a potential delivery plant for materials. Several plants can be assigned to each distribution chain as potential plants.
Sales areas and delivery plants
Each sales area can be responsible for processing internal transactions (for example, customer deliveries for stock transport orders or internal clearing for cross-company code sales transactions) from several delivery plants.
A delivery plant is a plant that can deliver goods. If a vendor is assigned to a delivery plant, the plant can retain information about that vendor and carry out transactions that pertain to the vendor (for example vendor accounting).
The delivery plant and the sales organization for a particular sales area may be assigned to different company codes, since it is only the plant company code, not the sales organization company code, that is relevant for internal clearing.
Retail sites and sales offices
Several retail sites can be assigned to a sales office. Each retail site can be assigned to one sales office.
Plants and plant storage areas
A plant can be split up to allow material stocks to be managed differently in different plant storage areas (or storage locations).
The plant storage area is assigned to a plant and thus to a company code, so that ownership can be established for material stocks.
Purchasing organizations and plants
Each purchasing organization has one or more plants assigned to it, and has direct responsibility for procurement for those plants. Each plant can be assigned to several purchasing organizations.