Object within Profitability Analysis to which costs and revenues are assigned.
A profitability segment corresponds to a market segment. You can calculate the profitability of a profitability segment by setting off its sales revenues against its costs.
A profitability segment in an operating concern is defined by a combination of characteristic values. Characteristics can be concepts that already exist in the R/3 System (customer, product, sales organization, and so on), or you can define your own concepts (such as "order size class").
Profitability segment 1: Product "Prod-1132"/ Customer "100267"
Profitability segment 2: Industry "Chemicals"/ Country "USA"/ Product group "Laboratory instruments"