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Function documentationCost Center Planning

 

Cost center planning forms part of the overall business planning process. Cost center planning involves entering plan figures for costs, activities, prices, or statistical key figures for a particular cost center and a particular planning period. You can then determine the variances from these figures when you come to compare these plan values with the costs actually incurred. For more information on variances between planned costs and actual costs, see Variance Calculation.

A new approach to planning involves combining data entry using input ready queries with the data structures in SAP ERP. By combining planning queries and planning functions in SAP NetWeaver BW and the database layer in SAP ERP, you can optimize your cost center planning. This simplifies cost center planning in comparison to using planning layouts. For more information on cost center planning with planning layouts, see Cost Center Planning (CO-OM-CCA).

Prerequisites

You have installed SAP NetWeaver Business Client software.

You have made the settings in Customizing for Controlling under Start of the navigation path General Controlling Next navigation step Roles for NetWeaver Business Client End of the navigation path.

You have access to the following roles:

  • Cost Center Manger (SAP_CO_COSTCENTER_MANAGER)

  • Internal Controller (SAP_CO_INTERNAL_CONTROLLER)

You have enabled the following:

Web Dynpro Application Configurations

The following application configurations are required for cost center planning:

  • Cost Element Planning (Basic) (FCOM_IP_CC_COSTELEM01)

  • Top-Down Primary Cost Planning (Basic) (FCOM_IP_CC_COSTELEM03)

  • Cost Element Planning Activity Input (FCOM_IP_CC_COSTELEM05)

  • Cost Center: Activity Output and Price Planning (FCOM_IP_CC_ACTOUTPUT01)

Queries

You can remove or copy and extend the delivered queries to suit your requirements.

The following queries are delivered for cost element planning:

  • Top-Down Cost Element Primary Cost Planning by Year (/ERP/COOM_A21_IRQ0013)

  • Cost Centers: Cost Element Primary by Year (/ERP/COOM_A21_IRQ0002)

  • Cost Center: Cost Element Secondary Cost Planning by Year (/ERP/COOM_A21_IRQ0003)

  • Cost Centers: Top-Down Primary Planning by Period (/ERP/COOM_A22_IRQ0011)

  • Cost Centers: Cost Element Planning by Period (/ERP/COOM_A22_IRQ0002)

  • Cost Center: Cost Element Planning Primary by Period (/ERP/COOM_A22_IRQ0003)

  • Cost Center Activity Input Planning by Year Activity Independent (/ERP/COOM_A23_IRQ0001)

  • Cost Center Activity Input Planning by Period Activity Independent (/ERP/COOM_A24_IRQ0001)

The following queries are delivered for activity output and price planning

  • Cost Center: Activity Type Planning by Years (/ERP/COOM_A25_IRQ0001)

  • Cost Center: Activity Type Output Planning by Periods (/ERP/COOM_A26_IRQ0001)

  • Cost Center: Activity Type Price Planning by Periods (/ERP/COOM_A26_IRQ0002)

  • Cost Center: Activity Type Output Price Planning by Periods (/ERP/COOM_A26_IRQ0003)

  • Cost Center: Activity Type Output Price Planning by Periods (/ERP/COOM_A26_IRQ0004)

The following queries are delivered for reporting on the plan data by comparison with the relevant reference data:

  • Cost Center: Cost Element Plan/Actual Comparison (/ERP/COOM_A21_Q0001)

  • Cost Center: Activity Input Plan/Actual Comparison (/ERP/COOM_A22_Q0001)

  • Cost Center: Cost Element Plan/Actual Comparison (/ERP/COOM_A22_Q0002)

Features

Cost center planning covers the following planning methods:

  • Activity type planning

    Activity type planning allows you to capture the activity quantity to be provided by the cost center in a given period, the capacity of the cost center, and the price to be charged to other cost centers for delivery of this activity. If activities have been planned on other cost centers, then the demand from these cost centers is displayed as scheduled activity. For more information, see Activity Type Planning.

  • Primary cost planning

    Primary cost planning allows you to enter costs and consumption quantities of goods and services sourced from external sources for each cost center or cost element. This means that primary costs can be planned by quantity, as well as by value.

    Primary costs include the following:

    • Labor costs

    • External services

    • Material costs

    • Operating supplies

  • Secondary cost planning

    • Secondary cost planning allows you to enter costs and consumption quantities of goods and services sourced from internal sources such as other cost centers. For more information, see Secondary Cost Planning.