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Step 22: Expression BindingLocate this document in the navigation structure

Sometimes the predefined types of SAPUI5 are not flexible enough and you want to do a simple calculation or formatting in the view - that is where expressions are really helpful. We use them to format our price according to the current number in the data model.

Figure 1: The price is now formatted according to its number

You can view and download all files in the Explored app in the Demo Kit under Walkthrough - Step 22.

      items="{invoice>/Invoices}" >
            title="{invoice>Quantity} x {invoice>ProductName}"
		parts: [{path: 'invoice>ExtendedPrice'}, {path: 'view>/currency'}],
		type: 'sap.ui.model.type.Currency',
		formatOptions: {
			showMeasure: false
        	numberState="{= ${invoice>ExtendedPrice} > 50 ? 'Error' : 'Success' }"/>

We add the property numberState in our declarative view and introduce a new binding syntax that starts with = inside the brackets. This symbol is used to initiate a new binding syntax, it's called an expression and can do simple calculation logic like the ternary operator shown here.

The condition of the operator is a value from our data model. A model binding inside an expression binding has to be escaped with the $ sign as you can see in the code. We set the state to 'Error' (the number will appear in red) if the price is higher than 50 and to ‘Success’ (the number will appear in green) otherwise.

Expressions are limited to a particular set of operations that help formatting the data such as Math expression, comparisons, and such. You can lookup the possible operations in the documentation.

  • Only use expression binding for trivial calculations.