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Step 20: Aggregation BindingLocate this document in the navigation structure

Now that we have established a good structure for our app, it's time to add some more functionality. We start exploring more features of data binding by adding some invoice data in JSON format that we display in a list below the panel.

Figure 1: A list of invoices is displayed below the panel

You can view and download all files in the Explored app in the Demo Kit under Walkthrough - Step 20.

webapp/Invoices.json (New)
  "Invoices": [
	  "ProductName": "Pineapple",
	  "Quantity": 21,
	  "ExtendedPrice": 87.2000,
	  "ShipperName": "Fun Inc.",
	  "ShippedDate": "2015-04-01T00:00:00",
	  "Status": "A"
	  "ProductName": "Milk",
	  "Quantity": 4,
	  "ExtendedPrice": 9.99999,
	  "ShipperName": "ACME",
	  "ShippedDate": "2015-02-18T00:00:00",
	  "Status": "B"
	  "ProductName": "Canned Beans",
	  "Quantity": 3,
	  "ExtendedPrice": 6.85000,
	  "ShipperName": "ACME",
	  "ShippedDate": "2015-03-02T00:00:00",
	  "Status": "B"
	  "ProductName": "Salad",
	  "Quantity": 2,
	  "ExtendedPrice": 8.8000,
	  "ShipperName": "ACME",
	  "ShippedDate": "2015-04-12T00:00:00",
	  "Status": "C"
	  "ProductName": "Bread",
	  "Quantity": 1,
	  "ExtendedPrice": 2.71212,
	  "ShipperName": "Fun Inc.",
	  "ShippedDate": "2015-01-27T00:00:00",
	  "Status": "A"

The invoices file simply contains five invoices in a JSON format that we can use to bind controls against them in the app. JSON is a very lightweight format for storing data and can be directly used as a data source for SAPUI5 applications.

  "sap.ui5": {
	"_version": "1.1.0",
	"rootView": "sap.ui.demo.wt.view.App",

	"dependencies": {
	  "minUI5Version": "1.30",
	  "libs": {
		"sap.m": {}
	"models": {
	  "i18n": {
		"type": "sap.ui.model.resource.ResourceModel",
		"settings": {
		  "bundleName": "sap.ui.demo.wt.i18n.i18n"
	  "invoice": {
		"type": "sap.ui.model.json.JSONModel",
		"uri": "Invoices.json"

We add a new model invoice to the sap.ui5 section of the descriptor. This time we want a JSONModel, so we set the type to sap.ui.model.json.JSONModel. The uri key is the path to our test data relative to the component. With this little configuration our component will automatically instantiate a new JSONModel which loads the invoice data from the Invoices.json file. Finally, the instantiated JSONModel is put onto the component as a named model invoice. The named model is then visible throughout our app.


Automatic model instantiation is only available as of SAPUI5 version 1.30. If you are using an older version, you can manually instantiate the resource bundle and other models of the app in the onInit method of the Component.js file as we did for the resource bundle in Step 9: Component Configuration.

   displayBlock="true" >
   <App class="myAppDemoWT">
         <Page title="{i18n>homePageTitle}">
               <mvc:XMLView viewName="sap.ui.demo.wt.view.HelloPanel"/>
               <mvc:XMLView viewName="sap.ui.demo.wt.view.InvoiceList"/>

In the app view we add a second view to display our invoices below the panel.

webapp/view/InvoiceList.view.xml (New)
      items="{invoice>/Invoices}" >
            title="{invoice>Quantity} x {invoice>ProductName}"/>

The new view is displaying a list control with a custom header text. The item aggregation of the list is bound to the root path Invoices of the JSON data. And since we defined a named model, we have to prefix each binding definition with the identifier invoice>.

In the items aggregation, we define the template for the list that will be automatically repeated for each invoice of our test data. More precisely, we use an ObjectListItem to create a control for each aggregated child of the items aggregation. The title property of the list item is bound to properties of a single invoice. This is achieved by defining a relative path (without / in the beginning). This works because we have bound the items aggregation via items={invoice>/Invoices} to the invoices.

# App Descriptor
appTitle=Hello World
appDescription=A simple walkthrough app that explains the most important concepts of SAPUI5

# Hello Panel
showHelloButtonText=Say Hello
helloMsg=Hello {0}
helloPanelTitle=Hello World
openDialogButtonText=Say Hello With Dialog

# Invoice List

In the text bundle the title of the list is added.