Show TOC

Functions of Hierarchy ProcessingLocate this document in the navigation structure


In the hierarchy processing, a range of functions for displaying and processing hierarchies and their attributes is available.

Hierarchy properties, which are valid for all hierarchies for a hierarchy basic characteristic, cannot be changed here (seeHierarchy Properties).


You can select the following functions from two toolbars in the hierarchy maintenance. The upper application toolbar has available functions that concern the entire hierarchy. The lower application toolbar mainly offers functions for node maintenance:

Functions for the entire hierarchy

Function What You Need to Know

Header Data

The dialog box Display Hierarchy Header or Change Hierarchy Header appears. They contain additional information about technical properties for your hierarchy:

  • Hierarchy name
  • Description (short, medium, long)
  • Object version
  • Person responsible
  • Last changed by, change date, change time
  • Source system
  • Request no.
  • Hierarchy ID

Display <-> Change

You can switch between the display and change mode. This affects other functions.

Hierarchy Consistency Check

The system checks the technical correctness of the hierarchy structure:

Technical correctness of individual nodes, for example:

Technical correctness of the structure, for example:

  • Nodes that are not included in the hierarchy
  • Nodes can only have one superior node

Activating Hierarchies

SeeEditing Hierarchies (Processing Functions table).

Functions for displaying and processing the hierarchy in a BEx query

Function What you need to know

Level Maintenance

You can specify free texts for hierarchy levels that are displayed in the BEx query context menu (seeLevel Maintenance).

Hierarchy Attributes

You can make specifications for the display and processing of hierarchies in reporting (seeHierarchy Attributes).

Modes for adding hierarchy nodes

Function What You Need to Know

Add as First Child

The source node is added directly under the target node as the first child.

Add as First Neighbor

The source node is added next to the target node on the same level.


The Drag&Drop relationship is also controlled with these insertion modes. If you want to hang several nodes at the same time with Drag&Drop, choose the insertion mode you want, highlight the hierarchy nodes (if necessary, by pressing theCtrl button), and drag the selected hierarchy nodes with Drag&Drop to the place you want.

Displaying inactive/active versions

Function What You Need to Know

Display Inactive Version


Display Active Version


In Display Mode, you can switch between the active and modified version of a hierarchy. If there is only one version, or if you are in the Change Mode, this function is inactive.

Jumping to other maintenance transactions

Function What You Need to Know

Edit Master Data

You arrive at the master data maintenance for the hierarchy basic characteristic. There you can create new data, for example, that you can subsequently add to the hierarchy.

Edit InfoObjects

InfoObject maintenance for the hierarchy basic characteristic appears, directly on the Hierarchy tab page.


The monitor for the Data Warehousing Workbench appears, directly at the last request loaded.

Functions for editing hierarchy nodes

Function What You Need to Know


The dialog box Display Node or Change Node appears. This provides detailed information about a node.

Create and Delete Node

These functions are only available in Change Mode.

Text Nodes

See Text Nodes in the Postability of Nodes table underHierarchy Nodes.

Characteristic Nodes

See External Characteristic Nodes in the Postability of Nodes table underHierarchy Nodes.

<Hierarchy basic characteristic node>

See Postable Nodes in the Postability of Nodes table underHierarchy Nodes.


See Interval in the Special Hierarchy Nodes table underHierarchy Nodes. For more information, see Intervals

Delete Nodes

You can delete both individual as well as several nodes. To delete several nodes at the same time, select these (if necessary, by pressing the Ctrl button). The system deletes those nodes and that part of the subtree.


Special features of root nodes:

  • You can create additional root nodes. You use a new node to Insert as Next Neighbor.In this way, you can allow several subtrees to be displayed in the query without having them be subordinate to a root node.
  • You can insert an already existing node as the root node by dropping it into the background.

Functions for displaying subtrees

Function What You Need to Know

Drill Down Subtree

The subtree under the selected node is expanded.

Collapse Subtree

The subtree under the selected node is compressed.

Functions for displaying technical information

Function What You Need to Know

Display Technical IDs

The following columns are displayed as standard:

  • <Hierarchy name>
  • InfoObject
  • Node name
  • Link indicator

In addition, the following columns are displayed:

  • ID(internal ID number for the hierarchy node itself)
  • Parent ID (ID for parent node)
  • Child ID (ID for first child node)
  • Next ID (ID for next neighboring node)

Goto Node ID

The dialog box Selection of Node with Node ID appears. Specify the node ID for the node to which you want to go. The corresponding node is selected in the tree.

See also:

Creating Hierarchies

Modeling Nodes and Leaves

Editing Hierarchies