Show TOC

 Protected Species Management (PSM) (ISR_RETAIL_PSM) (New)


Technical Data

Technical Name of Business Function


Type of Business Function

Enterprise Business Function

Available From

SAP ERP 6.0 Enhancement Package 7 SPS07

Technical Usage

Central Applications

Application Component

Material Master (LO-MD-MM)

Required Business Function

Not relevant

The international wildlife trade is estimated to be worth billions of dollars a year. The trade includes hundreds of millions of plant and animal species. The trade is diverse, ranging from live animals and plants to a vast array of wildlife products derived from them including food products, exotic leather goods, wooden musical instruments, timber, tourist curios, and medicines. The levels of exploitation of some the animal and plant species are high. Trading, together with other factors such as habitat loss may contribute to the depletion of their populations and may even bring some species close to extinction. Many wildlife species are not endangered by the trade . However, an agreement to ensure the sustainability of the trade is important to safeguard these resources for the future.

When you purchase, offer to purchase, display for commercial purposes, use for commercial gain (including breeding or display), sell, transport for sale, that is, you are involved in the commercial trade of products made from endangered plant and animal species, these must be covered by the CITES Trade Certificate. CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in species of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.

As the trade in wild animals and plants is between countries across borders, the effort to regulate it requires international cooperation to safeguard certain species from over exploitation. CITES was conceived in the spirit of such cooperation. Today, it enables the protection of more than 35,000 species of animals and plants, whether they are traded as live specimens, fur coats, or dried herbs.

All import, export, re-export, and introduction from the sea of species covered by the convention has to be authorized through a licensing system. You have to obtain the import and export documents before shipment. All permits and forms must be presented to customs upon entry to the EU.

Under CITES, a species is listed at one of the three levels of protection, which each have different permit requirements:

  • Appendix I includes species presently threatened with extinction that are or may be affected by trade. CITES directs its most stringent controls on activities involving these species. The import of Appendix-I specimens requires both import and export permits.

  • Appendix II includes species that are not presently threatened with extinction but may become so if not regulated.

  • Appendix III includes species listed by a range of country to obtain international cooperation in controlling trade.

Note Note

An import permit is not required for the Appendix-II or Appendix-III specimens.

End of the note.

This business function enables you to classify textile fiber components of articles under one of the CITES protection levels, provide the technical genus and species name of the endangered animal, and also assign a document associated with the component.


Enhancements in the maintenance of the retail article master provide the classification of articles for protected species management.


  • You have installed the following components as of the version mentioned:

    Type of Component


    Required for the Following Features Only

    Software Component

    EA-RETAIL(617) SP7

    To attach any document to the Textile Fiber component, you have to perform one of the following:

    • Upload the document in the ERP system through DOCMAS.

    • Create the document using the document management feature of the standard SAP ERP system.


The business function provides an enhancement to the Textile Fiber Composition function of the article master. This means that if any article contains a textile fiber that is made from the parts of the flora or fauna of the endangered species, you can perform the following:

  1. Assign the technical name of the genus and species of the endangered species whose part is used as a component of the article.

  2. Assign the PSM Code (also known as CITES Level Of Protection) that the part of the endangered species carries, according to the scheme proposed by CITES.

  3. Assign any CITES certificates or import/export certificates associated with the textile fiber as a document (DOCMAS).

In addition, out of the several textile fiber components of the article and their PSM Code, the most critical PSM code also applies to the article (as an entity).

See also: Protected Species Management (PSM)