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A variable is a means of parameterizing a query or a query component, as a variable is filled with values only once the query is executed. You define a variable for an InfoObject. This variable is then available in all InfoProviders that use this InfoObject, and can be processed in many different ways.

Variables act as placeholders for characteristic values, hierarchies, hierarchy nodes, texts, or formula elements. The variable type indicates for which object you can use a variable.

Depending on the variable type, variables can be processed in various ways. The processing type of a variable determines how the variable is filled with a value at the runtime of the query.