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The following table lists the operational states that databases can be in. Note that during the transition from one operational state to another, databases may temporarily be in intermediate states not listed here.

Table 1: Database Operational States


Operational State



The database is running. Database users can log on and execute SQL statements. The database system administrator and DBM operators can perform administrative tasks.



For standby databases in hot standby systems only, see Hot Standby System.

Note that you cannot connect to a standby database. It is in a constant restart state.


The database is only available for administration tasks.


The database is not running.

To monitor or change the operational state of databases, use Database Studio or DBA Cockpit (in SAP systems only).

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