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 Structural Profiles


Structural profiles use the data model of the Personnel Management components Organizational Management, Personnel Development and Training and Event Management to build hierarchies using objects and relationships. Different types of objects (Object Types) and different types of relationships are used in this process. The organizational structure of a company is illustrated in the following way:

The central elements of this data model are used to manage the authorizations for the model effectively:

  • Objects (such as O (Organizational Unit), S (Position), P (Person))

  • Relationships (such as A003 (belongs to))

  • Evaluation Paths (such as O-S-P)

Evaluation paths "collect" objects from a start object in an existing structure according to their definition: The definition of an evaluation path determines the start object and which object types using which relationships are selected.

Example Example

The evaluation path O-S-P ( Staffing Assignments along Organizational Structure ) is an example of an evaluation path (and also a standard evaluation path that plays a central role in Authorizations) that is defined as follows:

End of the example.

Object Type


Relationship Name

Related Object Type



is line supervisor of










This evaluation path starts selection from an organizational unit (O) that is used as the start object (the organizational unit O1 from graphic 1 is used in the following example). The evaluation path first selects all organizational units from row 1 of the definition (O B002 O).

The following organizational units are selected for the structure in the above example:

O1, O4, O5

Second, the evaluation paths starts selection from the selected organizational units according to row 2 of the definition (O B003 S) and selects the following positions:

S1, S2, S3

Last, the evaluation path starts selection from the selected positions according to row 3 of the definition (S A008 P) and selects all persons:

P1, P2, P3

In total, the following objects are selected using the O-S-P evaluation path and the start object O1:

O1, O4, O5, S1, S2, S3, P1, P2, P3

A combination of start object and evaluation path returns a specific number of objects from an existing structure. This exact combination or the objects returned by this combination, represents a user’s structural profile. Note that neither the number of objects nor the specific objects that are returned by a structural profile are constant, nor is this desirable. The concrete objects that are returned by a structural profile change as the organizational structure (under the start object) changes.

See also:

Example in Structural Authorization Check

There are several fields besides the central fields Start Object and Evaluation Path that can be used to define structural profiles. These fields simply allow you to add more detail about frequently occurring standard cases, but use the basic principle of "start object plus evaluation path". See Definition of Structural Authorizations for more information on these fields and how to create structural profiles.

Note Note

Not all aspects of the structural authorization check can be discussed in one section. See the following for more detailed information on the different aspects:

End of the note.