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Object documentation Articles: Article Master Records Locate the document in its SAP Library structure



An article is the smallest unit or customer pack that can be ordered independently and that cannot be split into smaller units. Articles are generally ordered for a site and sold. However, they are not always sold in the same form as that in which they were purchased.

Article Master Record

An article master record contains the data required to manage an article. This data can be categorized as follows:

Besides this data, which can be directly maintained by the user, an article master record contains data that is automatically updated by the system such as stock levels.


For each article, you create an article master record in the article master. In the article master record, you assign the units of measure and dimensions (in which an article is traded) to the article in particular. If, when you create an article master record, a reference article exists for the merchandise category, certain data is proposed from the reference article.


An article master record contains not only data relating to the article itself, but also information from other relevant areas. In the article master, these areas are known as user departments. The integration of such data in a single database object eliminates redundant data storage.

For a generic article, you can display the variants that exist, together with the corresponding description, by choosing Validity areas and displaying the possible entries.


Besides extending individual article master records to include other data, or changing existing data in individual article master records, you can use a cross-application tool to extend or change several article master records at the same time, for example, to adapt existing data to a change in circumstances. However, this tool must be used only by experienced users. For more information, see the SAP library documentation Structure link CA Cross-Application Mass Maintenance.

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