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If your organize decides to use transfer prices from the profit center viewpoint, you can calculate special managerial prices for all goods movements between profit centers.

This transfer price is a negotiated price between profit centers. It may be oriented on the market price, or it may be determined as a markup on the cost of goods manufactured as seen from the group view or legal view. These markups can depend on a number of factors, such as the profit centers involved, the product, plant, date, and so on.

But it would most likely be too much work to store a transfer price for each individual material. To save time, you can group materials under one representative material, and only maintain the transfer price for this material. This technique makes it possible to maintain transfer prices on the basis of an ABC analysis, assigning the A parts an explicit market price or markup and allocating all C parts using across-the-board markups at product group level.


You define transfer prices for Profit Center Accounting using the pricing function from the Sales and Distribution (SD) application component.

You can use the following pricing strategies:

Costs plus a markup or markdown (quantity-dependent, percentage or fixed amount)

Market price or profit center price in the material ledger

Different prices for different partner profit centers

Prices with a limited period of validity, such as for seasonal price changes

You can make the price dependent on any of the following factors:


Material 1 is produced in two plants. In plant 1, material 1 belongs to profit center 1. In plant 2 it belongs to profit center 2.
In the material ledger, the profit center inventory value for material 1 is USD 7.00.

Material 2 is produced in plant 2 and belongs to profit center 3.
In the material ledger, the profit center inventory value for material 2 is USD 30.00.

The manufacturer decides to use different transfer prices depending on the material, profit center and plant.

Profit center 1 (in plant 1) supplies material 1 to profit center 4.

Profit center 2 (in plant 2) supplies material 1 to profit center 4.

Profit center 3 supplies material 2 to profit center 4.

See also:

Transfer Pricing Using the Conditions Technique

Example of How a Transfer Price is Determined



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