The Information System provides a few special evaluation options for joint production.
Product Cost Planning
Itemizations offer two different forms of display with joint production. You can switch between the process view and the product view in the report. While the product view shows only the costs of the co-product, the process view provides information about the costs of the co-products, as well as an overview of the total costs of the production process. The co-products are shown under item category A with negative quantities and values. This negative value is the amount of costs for the co-product that was calculated using the apportionment structure. By-products and fixed-price co-products that occur as a part of the manufacturing process are identified in the itemization (just like materials used) with item category M. The value and quantity for these items, however, are negative, just like for joint production.
Cost Object Controlling
Manufacturing orders used for the production of co-products carry co-products in order items.
Summarization using Summarization Hierarchies
For orders with items that carry costs and revenues , summarization using summarization hierarchies aggregates only those values that are found in the items. Values found in the order header are not summarized. Therefore, it is necessary to execute the function Preliminary Settlement for Co-Products, Post-Processing before starting a data collection run.
Within order selection, you have the option of choosing whether to select all orders, only orders with items, or only orders without items. If you want the selection to be dependent on the order status, you can create separate status selection profiles for the header or order items, respectively.
By using different detailed reports (such as the order item) with joint production, you can perform analysis at the level of the manufacturing order or alternatively, at the level of a single co-product. This way, you can analyze the costs of the whole joint production process or the manufacturing costs for a single co-product, depending on your needs.
To view the sales order values at the level of a single co-product, you need to show the field Item in the selection screen for the particular detailed report. After entering an order number in the report selection screen, choose Settings ® Order items ® On/off. Enter the number of the order item to call up the report. The report contains an overview of the costs of the co-products assigned to the order item selected.
Place an asterisk (*) in the Item field or leave it empty to display the cumulative data from the order header and the order items in the report. This can be useful if you want to display the plan credit and plan debit for the entire order (i.e. summarized across all co-products). The Credit displayed in the report corresponds to the credit to the order items resulting from the delivery of the co-product to stock.
If a cost report is called up from the master record of a manufacturing order, the report is displayed as if the Item field was displayed but left empty (as described above).
On the other hand, if you call up a detailed report for a manufacturing order with co-products without displaying the Item field in the selection screen, only data that is actually in the order header is displayed. Consequently, in a planning report you see the planned debits that resulted from the preliminary order cost estimate. Under Planned credit, you see the credit that resulted from distributing the costs to the order items. In this presentation, the balance of the order is always zero.
You can use the report Hierarchy Graphic to check which order item the co-product to be analyzed is assigned to. This report displays, in a hierarchical format, all items belonging to a manufacturing order as well as the name of the co-product. In addition, you can display the planned data, target data, and actual data, as well as planned and actual quantities either for the orders or cumulated for the entire campaign.
You can call up the hierarchy graphic from a detailed reportís selection screen if you have already displayed the Item field according to the procedure described above. To branch out in the hierarchy graphic, select the symbol Overview.
Note that you have to execute the function Preliminary Settlement for Co-Products, Rework before performing period-end closing. This is necessary to ensure that all relevant actual costs from the order header are distributed to the order items and therefore are considered during period-end closing activities and the subsequent analysis.