You have entered the costing method unit costing in Customizing for Product Cost by Sales Order in the requirements class.
If you donít enter a default costing method in the requirements class, you can choose the costing method in the sales order.
You use unit costing in the following situations:
How you use unit costing in sales-order-related production depends on whether the materials to be delivered or the services to be provided are standard or nonstandard.
Nonstandard Materials and Services
Nonstandard materials and services are of a one-off nature.
You create a cost estimate that contains the following data:
Using the valuation variant specified in the costing variant, the system finds the material price valid on the pricing date for each material, and the activity price valid on the pricing date for each activity type. The system then calculates the overhead on the basis of the direct costs.
Standard Materials and Services
Standard materials and services are used frequently.
You create a base planning object for these groups of costing items. When you cost a sales order, you can:
You can list all the costing items contained in the base object cost estimates with the Explode base object function.
The function Explode material allows you to copy material cost estimates for the semifinished products listed in the unit cost estimate into the unit cost estimate and modify them if necessary.
If you are using a valuated sales order stock and in a unit cost estimate for the sales order item you specify the material listed in the sales order item as a costing item, this costing item is updated using the cost element with which the sales order item is debited in the actuals when the product is delivered to the customer.
No cost component split is saved for unit cost estimates. If the standard price is based on a unit cost estimate, the system cannot transfer a cost component split to CO-PA.
See also:Update of Planned Costs Revenue Planning
For information on the special features of overhead calculation in sales-order-related production, refer to the sectionOverhead in Sales-Order-Related Production.
For information on how the cost element of the material to be delivered is determined, seeOverhead in Sales-Order-Related Production.
For detailed information on unit costing, see the following:Unit Costing Costing Items in Unit Costing Formulas for Costing Items List Screen of the Unit Cost Estimate Saving Column Settings as Variants Detail Screen of the Unit Cost Estimate Header of the Unit Cost Estimate Master Data for Unit Costing Material Master Records Prices in Unit Costing Cost Centers and Activity Types Displaying Activity Prices for Cost Centers