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Before you create business processes, you must define a business process hierarchy. This structure is described in Activity-Based Costing as Standard Hierarchy.


You assign the standard hierarchy to the controlling area during Customizing to set it apart from other, alternative business process hierarchies.

You must assign each business process to a group in the standard hierarchy when you create the process. This ensures that all business processes in the controlling area appear in at least one overall structure. When analyzing the standard hierarchy, the R/3 System automatically includes all business processes.


The following illustration shows a standard hierarchy:


This graphic is explained in the accompanying text


You can subdivide individual groups further depending on the level of detail required in the hierarchy. A business process group can include additional business process groups or multiple business processes.


If the standard hierarchy consists of a single group node the highest node you cannot assign business processes to it. You must create further, subordinate group nodes first.

Changing and Displaying the Standard Hierarchy

To change or display the standard hierarchy for the current controlling area, choose Master data ® Standard hierarchy ® Change or Display.

You can create and edit the standard hierarchy like any others (see: Creating and Changing Master Data Groups, Editing Master Data Groups).

Creating, Changing and Displaying Master Data from the Standard Hierarchy

You can create or change standard hierarchies and master data simultaneously. You can also display the standard hierarchy and business processes simultaneously.

Creating a Business Process in an End Node

To insert a business process and assign it to an End Node, positions the cursor on the desired Node and choose Insert Value.

In the dialog box enter the name of the business process and overwrite the default valid time period. If the business process already exists for one or more valid time periods, then the new time period may not be overwritten with the existing ones. Otherwise, an error message appears. You can determine existing valid time periods in group maintenance by double clicking on an existing business process.

You can enter your own valid time period through Extras ® Default Settings ® Structure. If no entry is made here, the system will automatically insert either the maximum period (1.1.1950-12.31.9999) or the last manual entry.

Choose Enter and create the master data of the business process.

Return to Group Maintenance with Back or Exit. If you choose Cancel, your entries will not be saved.


The business process are temporarily created or changed. Only when the standard hierarchy are saved together with the new or changed groups, is the process also saved. To avoid the loss of data, you should save often, especially when creating a standard hierarchy with a master data.

Changing or Displaying Existing Business Processes

When you create or change the standard hierarchy, you can maintain the master data by double clicking on an existing business process.

You can display the standard hierarchy by double clicking on a business process master data.

If the business process already exists for several valid time periods, then you can choose the desired valid time period from a dialog box.

Changing the assignment of a business process to a standard hierarchy node.

In order to assign a business process to a standard hierarchy, mark the business process, position the cursor on the target node and choose Lower Level or Same Level.

Deleting Nodes in the Standard Hierarchy

You may not delete a business process while maintaining the standard hierarchy. If you wish to delete standards hierarchy nodes, to which business processes are assigned, then you must first delete these processes (see: Deleting Business Processes).


The "Warehouse" group represents the lowest level of the "Logistics" group. This group includes the business processes "Goods Receipt Inspection" and "Goods Shipping Inspection". The color of the group node indicates this. You wish to delete the "Warehouse" group.

This is not possible in the standard hierarchy. You must first reassign the two business processes to a new group before you can delete the "Warehouse" group. Only afterwards can you delete the "Warehouse" group. If the "Warehouse" group is in an alternative hierarchy, you can delete the group immediately.


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