Dependency Planning: Examples

Cost-based activity-independent dependency planning

You want to calculate the cost of your employees' office supplies. The cost element is 405200 (consumption of office supplies). You have defined the statistical key figure Employee and planned it on an activity-independent basis.

Dependency type 1, stat. key figure

The SAP R/3 System calculates the dependency price and dependency quantity according to the plan quantity for a statistical key figure.

You have planned your data as follows.

 Statistical key figure Employee Activity-independent 10 pieces Fixed dependency price 200 USD

The SAP R/3 System calculates the following plan values:

 Dep. type Dep.srce type Fixed dep.price Variable dep.price Dependency source quantity Fixed planned costs Variable planned costs 1 Employee 200 USD 0 USD 10, since planning is activity-independent 200 USD X 10 = 2000 USD 0 USD

The R/3 system posts 2,000 USD under cost element 405200.

Quantity-based activity-dependent dependency planning

You want to calculate costs per car body manufactured. In addition to consumption of metal parts, screws and rivets for each body, there is also consumption of lubricant per hour of production. You define the components of the car body as resources, and the car body itself as a statistical key figure.

Dependency type 3, quantity type

You plan costs for lubricants using dependency type 3. The R/3 System calculates the dependency price and the dependency quantity based on the planned quantity for an activity type, in this case 100 hours of activity type "Production hours".

Dependency type 1, stat. key figure

You plan costs metal parts, screws, and rivets per car body using dependency type 1. The R/3 System calculates the dependency price and the dependency quantity based on the planned quantity or a statistical key figure, in this case Car body. Since your planning is quantity-dependent, the system calculates the planned costs using the activity-dependent statistical key figure, in this case 5 units of the statistical key figure Car body.

You have planned your data as follows.

 Statistical key figure Car body Activity-dependent 5 pieces Activity type Production hour Quantity 100 hours Dependency type 1 1 1 3 Resources Screws Rivets Metal parts Lubricant Resource price 0,10 USD 0.20USD 200 USD 0,50 USD Variable dependency quantity 0 0 0 50 g Fixed dependency quantity 10 pieces 10 pieces 10 pieces 0 g Fixed plan consumption Calculated by the system Calculated by the system Calculated by the system 10 g Variable plan consumption 20 pieces 20 pieces 50 pieces Calculated by the system

The SAP R/3 System calculates the following plan values:

 Dependency type Resources Dep.srce type Fixed dep. qty Variable dep. qty Dependency source quantity Fixed plan consumption 1 Screws Car body 10 pieces 0 5 pieces 10 X 5 =50 pieces 1 Rivets Car body 10 pieces 0 5 pieces 10 X 5 =50 pieces 1 Metal parts Car body 10 pieces 0 5 pieces 10 X 5 =50 pieces 3 Lubricant Production hour 0 50 g 100 hours 10 g

 Dependency type Resources Variable planned consumption Res.price Fixed planned costs Variable planned costs 1 Screws 20 pieces 0,10 USD 50 pieces X 0.10 USD = 5 USD 20 pieces X 0.10 USD = 2 USD 1 Rivets 20 pieces 0,20 USD 50 pieces X 0.20 USD = 10 USD 20 pieces X 0.20 USD = 4 USD 1 Metal parts 50 pieces 200 USD 50 pieces X 200 USD = 10,000 USD 50 pieces X 200 USD = 10,000 USD 3 Lubricant 50 g X 100 =5 Kg 0,50 USD 10 g * 0.50 USD = 5 USD 5 Kg X 0.50 USD = 2,500 USD

For each resource, the R/3 System posts the following costs under the cost element that you have assigned in the relevant master record:

 Resources Fixed planned costs Variable planned costs Screws 5 USD 2 USD Rivets 10 USD 4 USD Metal parts 10.000 USD 10.000 USD Lubricant 5 USD 2.500 USD