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Resource planning is a planning aid. If you only know the quantities of consumed resources (see also: Structure link Resources) you can use resource planning to plan activity-dependent or activity-independent primary costs or revenues by quantity. You can carry out detailed planning of a cost element by subdividing the cost element on the basis of the resources. The SAP R/3 System valuates the given resource consumption with a price, which you can store separately in the system.

You can also link resources to a material or to a base planning object. This means that a resource or a base planning object has been entered in the resource master record. For the valuation of resource consumption during planning, the SAP R/3 System uses the price of the material, regardless of whether you have defined a price for the resource during pricing (see also: Pricing).




Resource planning differs in the following ways from activity input planning, which also provides a quantity-based planning approach:

Distinguishing characteristic

Activity input planning

Resource planning

Origin of the activity/resource



Cost element, under which the consumption is posted




You can also copy resources together with the planning (see also: Copying Planning Values). The system copies only the consumption quantities. The system valuates the resource prices during the copying transaction. If the price of a resource in the target fiscal year is 2% higher than the price of the same resource in the source fiscal year, the costs in the target fiscal year will also be 2% higher than the costs in the source fiscal year.

You can also transfer resource consumption from an SAP external system into resource planning via the external data interface. For more information about the external data interface, see Structure link External Data Transfer.



Resource planning contains the following functions:

Price determination

You can specify the prices for the resource consumption valuation individually. You can also use pricing to specify criteria, combinations of criteria or define rules for determining prices.

Manual planning

SAP provides you with the standard planner profile SAPR&R. This planner profile contains standard planning layouts for resource planning on cost centers , orders and WBS elements.

For more information on planner profiles and planning layouts, see Planner Profiles and Standard Planning Layouts.

Resource Planning: An Example



When you change a resource price in price maintenance, the SAP R/3 System automatically recalculates your planning.

If, however, a resource refers, for example, to a base planning object, and the price of this base planning object changes, the system does not automatically execute a recalculation. In this case, you must recalculate the costs already planned using this resource. Only then can you ensure that your planning is up-to-date. (See also: Revaluating Resource Planning)




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