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Branding and Theming

The SAPFiori framework embeds a fork of the open source NUI project, which enables styling of UI controls using a CSS-like stylesheet (the .nss file).

The UI components in SAPFiori are styled during initialization according to the SAP Fiori Design Language Guidelines, but are also assigned one or more FioriStyle instances. These instances are similar to a CSS class attribute, such that at runtime, if a style definition override exists in the .nss file for that FioriStyle, it will be applied on top of the default attributes.

Each styleable component in SAPFiori is assigned style class references by default, so that developers can define style overrides for those class references, without invoking Swift API's. These default style classes are assigned, according to the following standard:

"fdl" + <#ComponentClassName#> + "_" + <#PropertyName#>

For example, to assign an override styles for the FUIObjectTableViewCell, using the following style classes:

fdlFUIObjectView_headlineLabel {
    font-style: subheadline;
    font-color: #1EE68A00;

fdlFUIObjectTableViewCell {
    background-color-selected: negative_darkBackground;

Refer to the header documentation for controls, to check for exceptions to these patterns.


Activate Styling

To activate the theming engine, add your ".nss" resource to the application project.

The NUI library is embedded in SAPFiori, so no dependency management is required.

In your AppDelegate, invoke the static initializer in didFinishLaunchingWithOptions:

func application(_ application: UIApplication, didFinishLaunchingWithOptions launchOptions: [UIApplicationLaunchOptionsKey : Any]? = nil) -> Bool {
    // setup logger (requires `import SAPCommon`)
    let logger = Logger.root
    logger.logLevel = .info

    // initialize stylesheet by name
    NUISettings.initWithStylesheet(name: "Palette")

    return true

Color Palette Customization

Every time a UIColor is set in the SAPFiori framework, the color is obtained from the extension method:

func preferredFioriColor(forStyle style: FUIColorStyle, background scheme: FUIBackgroundColorScheme = .lightBackground) -> UIColor

The FUIColorStyle cases correspond to the colors of the Fiori for iOS Design Guidelines palette. It is important to note the distinctions between the "base" color (UIColor.preferredFioriColor(forStyle: .primary1)), the "dark" variant which is displayed on a "light" background (also UIColor.preferredFioriColor(forStyle: .primary1), or UIColor.preferredFioriColor(forStyle: .primary1, background: .lightBackground)), and the "light" variant which is displayed on a "dark" background (UIColor.preferredFioriColor(forStyle: .primary1, background: .darkBackground))

To remember easily, keep in mind that: lighter colors are brighter on dark backgrounds, and dark colors have better contrast on light backgrounds.

Because all colors are set through this API, it is possible to override the global constants used for the FUIColorStyle case. The technique for this is to add these definitions to the head of your ".nss" file, using the regular nss @global_constant pattern. The strings used as the global_constant should match the string values of the FUIColorStyle enums, and optionally append _lightBackground or _darkBackground, to specialize the background parameter passed to the preferredFioriColor(forStyle: background:) -> UIColor invocation.

For example:

@tintColor: blue;                              /* equivalent to @tintColor_lightBackground */
@tintColor_darkBackground: cyan;
@tintColorTapState_lightBackground: purple;    /* equivalent to @tintColorTapState */
@tintColorTapState_darkBackground : magenta;

Like style definitions, palette global overrides only modify their corresponding attributes; all other color definitions for which an override is not provided retain their original values.

As per the Fiori guidelines, when the background is not explicitly specified it defaults to the light background. For example, the global constants, tintColor and tintColor_lightBackground are equivalent. Similarly, primary1 and primary1_lightBackground are equivalent. When overriding global constants in the .nss file, if two equivalent constants are overridden, then the order of precedence is as shown below, where UIColor.cyan will be used for all invocations of UIColor.preferredFioriColor(forStyle: .tintColor) or UIColor.preferredFioriColor(forStyle: .tintColor, background: .lightBackground) :

@tintColor_lightBackground: cyan; /* This takes precedence over tintColor */
@tintColor: blue;
@tintColorDark: green;

tintColor and tintColor_lightBackground also have another equivalent constant : tintColorDark. This has the last precedence. The dark background variant of it is tintColorLight, that is, tintColorLight and tintColor_darkBackground are equivalent. Similarly tintColorTapStateDark is equivalent to tintColorTapState and tintColorTapState_lightBackground whereas tintColorTapStateLight and tintColorTapState_darkBackground are equivalent.

Using SAPFiori Colors in Style Definitions

There are two patterns that may be used to refer to the FUIColorStyle definitions in the ".nss" file:

1) The @global_constant pattern, detailed above. Here, the .nss file parser physically finds all instances of the @global_constant in the style definitions and substitutes the global value. This is the appropriate pattern when overriding the color value of the palette.

@tintColor: blue; /* `` is used for all invocations of `UIColor.preferredFioriColor(forStyle: .tintColor)` */

fdlFUIObjectTableViewCell {
    tint-color: @tintColor;  /* the string `"blue"` is stored into the style model */

2) Invoke the string constant directly, as one would for the simple color strings (for example: "blue", or "orange"). Each FUIColorStyle case is supported, with the optional _lightBackground or _darkBackground suffix. This is the appropriate pattern, when not overriding the color value of the palette, but when you wish to use an alternate color for the attribute.

fdlFUIObjectTableViewCell {
    tint-color: tintColor;  /* the standard `FUIColorStyle.tintColor` is used */

The two patterns are compatible, so that in the previous example, if @tintColor is overridden to "blue", the color will be used, instead of FUIColorStyle.tintColor.

SAPFiori Component Style Customization

The screenshot below illustrates the FUIWelcomeScreen before (default) and after setting different styles in NUI, by modifying the text color and logo:


The stylesheet file can include a set of generic Fiori Design Language style definitions for font-style and font-color. Then, for each control, an individual style class configuration can be included; this per-component style setting can override the style declared in the global definition and add other styles.

The stylesheet should follow these conventions for naming the style strings starting with fdl which represents Fiori Design Language

  • For global definitions: fdl&lt;lower-camel-case enum name&gt;_&lt;property name&gt; For example: fdlFontStyle_subheadline

  • For per-component definitions: fdl&lt;class name&gt;_&lt;property name&gt; For example: fdlFUIWelcomeScreen_demoLabel

    fdlFontStyle_subheadline {
        font-style: subheadline;
        font-color: #33cc33;

    fdlFUIWelcomeScreen_headlineLabel {
        font-color: #FF0000;
    fdlFUIWelcomeScreen_primaryActionButton {
        /* alpha value should be in 0% to 100% range.  If value is more than 100% (64 in hex value), the system resets the value to 100%.  */
        font-color: #1EE68A00;  /* where `1E` is the hex value of 30% in alpha value, and `E68A00` is the hex value for RGB. */
        font-color-highlighted: green;
    fdlFUIWelcomeScreen_logoImageView {
        image-name: ProfilePic.png;

See the NUI README for additional information about setting style syntax in the stylesheet.

Last update: April 14, 2021