It creates initial values for any non-generic data types.
It constructs the content of the following:
It controls the type of the result of table expressions and so enables a default value to be specified for any rows not found.
The content of the result is determined by the parameters specified in parentheses. The syntax used
in pass by parameter depends on the type used when the value was constructed. There are specialized categories of pass by parameter for each possible type.
If a single table expression is specified as a parameter, VALUE does not construct a value and controls the type of the
In assignments of constructor expressions to a data
object using VALUE, the data object is used directly. It is overwritten in full by an initial value or start value before being assigned the values specified in the parentheses.
The value operator VALUE can also be used to construct the content of
existing complex data objects (structures and internal tables). This goes beyond what is possible using the VALUE addition.
The value operator VALUE uses mainly the same syntax as in the instance
operator NEW to create values.
When using the operator VALUE to construct values, elementary data types
and reference types cannot be specified explicitly, except when an initial value is created. Unlike
when using the instance operator NEW,
the correct result can be achieved by using direct assignments. For this reason, it is not necessary
to specify unnamed arguments as single values when using NEW (and also not allowed). The use of VALUE to control
table expressions is not affected by this, since any valid data type can be specified here.
Arithmetic calculations with the results of VALUE for constructing values
are not possible (except when creating an initial value). This means that constructor expressions of this type cannot be specified directly in the operand positions of
arithmetic expressions. Any constructor expressions with VALUE used to control
table expressions are not affected by this (if the table expressions can be used for calculations using valid results).
The conversion operator CONV
closes the gap where no elementary data objects can be constructed in operand positions using VALUE.
If a constructor expression with VALUE is not used as the source of an
assignment to a data object, the value operator VALUE creates a new temporary
data object whose data type is determined by the specified type and whose content is determined by the
parameters passed. This data object is used as the operand of a statement and then deleted. It is deleted
either when the current statement is closed or when a relational expression is evaluated after the truth value is determined.
In assignments to a data object, the target variable is used directly and no temporary data object
is created. This variable is initialized or overwritten in full before the assignment of the values
specified in the parentheses. Its original value, however, is still available in an optional LET expression. This is the difference between VALUE
and the instance operator NEW.