Origin of Costing Data

 

The quantity structure is made up of the data for material consumption and for the activities and business processes used to produce a material. The quantity structure specifies the following:

  • Which material components are needed, and which materials are procured externally

  • Which operations and sub-operations are carried out to produce the material, and which operations are carried out externally

  • Which activities and business processes are consumed to produce the material

Integration

The cost estimate with quantity structure accesses data in the Production Planning (PP and PP-PI), Materials Management (MM), and Controlling (CO) components of the SAP System. The following table provides an overview of the origin of the data used by costing with quantity structure:

Type of data determined by cost estimate with quantity structure

From

In

The material input quantity for each component

The BOM for the material

PP

The standard times for production of the product

The routing or rate routing for the material

PP

The work centers at which the operations are carried out

PP

The material input quantity for each co-product

The material list

PP-PI

The standard times for production of the co-product

The master recipe for the co-product

PP-PI

The resources at which the operations and phases are carried out

PP-PI

The price for an externally-procured material

The material master record

MM

Or the purchasing info record

MM

The price for an external operation

The purchasing info record

MM

Or the purchase order

MM

Or the routing or rate routing

PP

The costs for a semifinished product

The cost estimate for the semifinished product that is generated when the finished product is costed (acc. to transfer control)

CO

The price for a semifinished product processed by a vendor (subcontracting)

The purchasing info record

MM

Or the purchase order

MM

The price for an activity used with in-house operations

Activity type planning

CO

Or activity price calculation

CO

The conditions for the calculation of overhead

The costing sheet and, if applicable, the overhead group

CO

The process costs

The process template

CO

The costing lot size

The material master (changeable default value)

MM

For retail articles

The material master record or the purchasing info record.

If the info record is maintained on the variant material, then this is considered for costing.

If the info record is maintained on the generic material, then this is considered for costing.

The determination of the info record is similar to the determination in the purchasing documents.

For more information, see Determination of Pricing in Purchasing Documents based on Segmentation and Determination of Pricing in Sales Documents based on Segmentation.

More Information

When you create a cost estimate with quantity structure, the system creates the quantity structure automatically. For more information about this, see Quantity Structure Determination.

The quantity structure is valuated by the system. For more information, see Valuating the Quantity Structure.

You can use existing costing data for both creating and valuating the quantity structure. For more information, see Use of Existing Costing Data.

For information about how the system calculates overhead costs, see Overhead.

For information about the dates used by the system to create and valuate the quantity structure, see Date Control.

For more information about the master data accessed by costing, see Master Data for Costing.