class hana_ml.algorithms.pal.tsa.lr_seasonal_adjust.LR_seasonal_adjust(forecast_length=None, trend=None, affect_future_only=None, seasonality=None, seasonal_period=None, accuracy_measure=None, seasonal_handle_method=None, expost_flag=None, ignore_zero=None)

Linear regression with damped trend and seasonal adjust is an approach for forecasting when a time series presents a trend. It provides a damped smoothing parameter for smoothing the forecasted values. This dampening parameter avoids the over-casting due to the “indefinitely” increasing or decreasing trend. In addition, if the time series presents seasonality, you can deal with it by providing the length of the periods in order to adjust the forecasting results. On the other hand, it also helps you to detect the seasonality and to determine the periods.

forecast_lengthint, optional

Specifies the length of forecast results.

Defaults to 1.

trendfloat, optional

Specifies the damped trend factor, with valid range (0, 1].

Defaults to 1.

affect_future_onlybool, optional

Specifies whether the damped trend affect future only or it affects the entire history.

Defaults to True.

seasonalityint, optional

Specifies whether the data represents seasonality.

  • 0: Non-seasonality.

  • 1: Seasonality exists and user inputs the value of periods.

  • 2: Automatically detects seasonality.

Defaults to 0.

seasonal_periodint, optional

Length of seasonal_period.seasonal_period is only valid when seasonality is 1.

If this parameter is not specified, the seasonality value will be changed from 1 to 2, that is, from user-defined to automatically-detected.

No default value.

seasonal_handle_method{'average', 'lr'}, optional

Method used for calculating the index value in the seasonal_period.

  • 'average': Average method.

  • 'lr': Fitting linear regression.

Defaults to 'average'.

accuracy_measurestr or a list of str, optional

The metric to quantify how well a model fits input data. Options: "mpe", "mse", "rmse", "et", "mad", "mase", "wmape", "smape", "mape".

No default value.


Specify a measure name if you want the corresponding measure value to be reflected in the output statistics self.stats_.

ignore_zerobool, optional
  • False: Uses zero values in the input dataset when calculating 'mpe' or 'mape'.

  • True: Ignores zero values in the input dataset when calculating 'mpe' or 'mape'.

Only valid when accuracy_measure is 'mpe' or 'mape'.

Defaults to False.

expost_flagbool, optional
  • False: Does not output the expost forecast, and just outputs the forecast values.

  • True: Outputs the expost forecast and the forecast values.

Defaults to True.


>>> lr = LR_seasonal_adjust(forecast_length=10,
                            trend=0.9, affect_future_only=True,
                            seasonality=1, seasonal_period=4,

Perform fit_predict():

>>> lr.fit_predict(data=df)


>>> lr.forecast_.collect()
>>> lr.stats_.collect()

Forecast values.




fit_predict(data[, key, endog])

Fit and predict based on the given time series.

fit_predict(data, key=None, endog=None)

Fit and predict based on the given time series.


Input data. At least two columns, one is ID column, the other is raw data.

keystr, optional

The ID column.

Defaults to the first column of data if the index column of data is not provided. Otherwise, defaults to the index column of data.

endogstr, optional

The column of series to be fitted and predicted.

Defaults to the first non-ID column.

Inherited Methods from PALBase

Besides those methods mentioned above, the LR_seasonal_adjust class also inherits methods from PALBase class, please refer to PAL Base for more details.