Analyzing Geographical Data

Using SAP Analytics Cloud and SAP HANA Spatial technology, you can overlay business data on geo maps with detailed geographic information such as topography, satellite imagery, and streets and highways.

Geo maps can have multiple layers of different types of data that allow you to visualize measures and dimensions from a model, or mark important locations, areas, and routes on the map.

Using a combination of these layers, as well as tools for filtering spatial data, you can perform a variety of geographical analyses. For example:
  • Giving a quick visual overview of the performance of sales regions against KPIs that you set.
  • Finding retail store locations that have a type of public attraction or service nearby, such as pharmacies that are close to hospitals.
  • Overlaying a map with custom defined regions, such as sales territories or electoral districts.
  • Display data distributions as either choropleth or heat maps.
Geographical hierarchies
You can customize the navigation path by skipping levels and setting your own label for each layer in a geo map. Geographical hierarchies defined by general administration boundaries are not universal. The table below lists the default labels for hierarchies and provides proximate equivalents.

Default label

Proximate equivalents




State or Province

Sub-Region 1

District, County, or Department

Sub-Region 2

City, Town, Commune, or Municipality

When working with data from a live HANA system, you can load custom shapes and define custom geographical hierarchies. For example, you can define custom shapes to represent particular sales regions, or sections of a specific facility. You can then use the choropleth/drill layer to navigate through your custom hierarchy. For more information on creating custom shapes and hierarchies, see
Measures in Geo Maps
When specifying measures in the Bubble, Choropleth, Heat, and Flow map layers, the following options are available:
  • Measures currently defined in the model, including calculated measures.
  • You can access the Calculation Editor to create a new calculated measure. For more information, see Creating Calculated Measures.
  • To toggle between specific measures in the geo map, you can also add measure input controls to the geo map. For information on creating measure input controls, seeCreating Measure Input Controls.
Thresholds for measures
Two types of thresholds can be displayed in a geo map:
  • Thresholds defined in a model for a given measure. These thresholds are specified in the Modeler.
  • Thresholds defined for a story.
    In a geo map, thresholds defined in a story will override those defined for a model.