You can use carrier selection to assign a suitable carrier to your subcontractable business documents (for example, freight orders) either manually or automatically. The aim is to find a carrier with the lowest costs under consideration of constraints.
You have defined transportation lanes in the master data and, in doing so, you have defined means of transport and carriers, including carrier profiles (optional).
You use one or more of the following optimization options:
Strategies (only relevant to automatic carrier selection)
For more information, see Strategies.
For more information, see Continuous Move.
Business share (only relevant to automatic carrier selection)
For more information, see Business Share.
Check against transportation allocations (relevant to both automatic carrier selection and manual carrier selection).
For more information, see Check Against Transportation Allocations.
In Customizing, you have specified that your business document types (for example, freight order types) are relevant to subcontracting. For more information see, for example, for freight orders, Customizing for Transportation Management under.
You have made further settings in the carrier selection settings. In the carrier selection settings, you define, for example, the process in which carrier selection is to be executed:
You can make the settings for carrier selection by choosing SAP NetWeaver Business Client .
If you want to consider external freight charges during carrier selection, you have to specify in the settings for carrier selection that you want charges from charge management to be considered. In this case, you must configure charge management accordingly (see Charge Management).
Manual Carrier Selection
In manual carrier selection, you manually assign the required carrier to your business documents. If you have configured the check against transportation allocations, the system takes into account and checks transportation capacities (transportation allocations) that you have defined for the individual carriers. If, during the allocation, the system finds relevant transportation allocations without capacity or transportation allocations are violated by the allocation, warning messages appear.
Automatic Carrier Selection
A separate optimization is available for the automatic carrier selection. It takes into account the selected optimization options when determining the most cost-effective carrier for all business documents that you have selected. If none of the carriers are available, the system does not assign a carrier to the relevant business documents.
Determining Available Carriers
In this case, the system determines all available carriers. If you have specified in the carrier selection settings that transportation allocations are not to be considered, even those carriers without any free capacity are displayed.
Business Documents with Multiple Stops
In the case of business documents with multiple stops, the system tries to find a direct transportation lane between the source and destination locations and uses it as the starting point for the determination of available carriers.
A freight order goes from A via B and C to D. In the carrier selection settings, you have selected the checkbox for overall carrier availability.
The system determines the most concrete transportation lane (using the same technique as for strategy determination) for each stage (A to B, B to C, and C to D). The result is a list of all possible carriers for each stage. The system also uses strategy determination to determine the strategy for the main carriage (direct connection from A to D). The result is a list of possible carriers. The system now creates the intersection from all these lists. The result is no carriers, one carrier, or multiple carriers that can serve all the stages including the main stage. The consideration of stages and stops is used therefore as a filter.
The system first checks which carriers cover all the stages of the freight order (A to B, B to C, and C to D). In a second step, the system chooses the carrier from those found in the first step with a direct transportation lane between A and D.
If you have not selected the checkbox for overall carrier availability in the carrier selection settings, the system uses strategy determination to determine the strategy for the main stage only.
SAP delivers the standard planning strategy TSPS_DEF for carrier selection. You can specify this strategy in the carrier selection settings. SAP also delivers the standard planning strategy VSR_1STEP. For more information, see One-Step Planning and Planning Strategies
You can call carrier selection in SAP NetWeaver Business Client by choosing.
First, a user interface is displayed where you can define profile and layout sets. For more information, see Use of Profile and Layout Sets.
To perform carrier selection in the background, schedule report /SCMTMS/TSPS_OPT_BGD. For more information, see Background Processing: Carrier Selection.