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Object documentationFreight Unit


A set of goods that are transported together across the entire transportation chain. A freight unit can include transportation constraints for transportation planning.


The freight unit is used to merge items in the following business documents that are to be transported together:

  • Forwarding order

  • Order-based transportation requirement

  • Delivery-based transportation requirement

The freight unit is the smallest unit that can be transported. The business document data and the freight unit building rules form the basis for building freight units.

You define the most important settings for the freight unit in the freight unit type. For more information, see Customizing for Transportation Management under   Planning  Freight Unit  Define Freight Unit Types  .

After the freight units have been created automatically, you can display them on the user interface for the freight unit. You can also split and merge freight units there (see Creation and Editing of Freight Units). Furthermore, you can also split or merge freight unit stages on this user interface and in the transportation cockpit. When splitting a stage, you manually insert a transshipment location. When merging stages, transshipment locations are deleted automatically.

You can use SAP Event Management to track and monitor freight unit events (see Tracking of Freight Units).

You can use the change controller (see Change Controller) to check whether freight units were changed and how the system reacts to these changes.


The freight unit data is taken automatically from the business document. However, you can still change some of the data. You can access the following data from the freight unit, for example:

  • Items

    The freight unit items can stem from different business documents, such as forwarding orders, but a freight unit item is assigned to only one business document item, such as a forwarding order item.

  • Transportation stages

    The system displays loading and unloading times, transshipment locations, and means of transport, for example.

  • Transportation constraints

    The system copies this data about the transportation stages from the business document or from the transportation stages that were created manually or by the system during planning. Depending on how the stage was created, you can make changes to them. For more information, see Transportation Stages and Dates in the Freight Unit.

  • Document flow

    The system displays the corresponding business documents with the relevant status information.

  • Dangerous goods information (see Considering Dangerous Goods in Transportation Management).

  • Status information and blocking information (see Statuses of Business Documents and Blocking Information)