Component documentationBusiness Planning and Simulation (SEM-BPS) Locate the document in its SAP Library structure


Business Planning (SEM-BPS) enables you to produce a group-wide strategic business plan. The business plan adds an overall plan to the detailed plans that have been put together using the transaction systems' components. The aim of strategic business planning is to produce a consistent and realistic plan from various perspectives. The plan should improve the efficiency of the enterprise and the management process. Here, the issue is in contrast to the operational subplans less the level of detail, but rather planning the enterprise's development over the longer term.

SEM-BPS supports Web-based planning with the help of planning applications and a Status and Tracking System. With these means you can also form planning scenarios in companies with many different branches in different locations, though the technical administrative effort is limited to the availability of an internet connection.

To a large extent the SEM-BPS component is structured modular. This enables the functionality in future releases to be extended step by step without having to carry out changes in the internal architecture of the component. The following graphic shows the present inner structure of SEM-BPS:

This graphic is explained in the accompanying text

The modular structure portrayed in the graphic also has another consequence: With the clear separation of planning levels and packages on the one hand, and planning functions on the other hand, both areas are technically independent to a large extent. For the utilization of SEM-BPS, this means that you can use a planning function that you have defined once, in as many planning packages as you want. Therefore, you do not have to adapt the functions to the data that you want to edit with the functions.

You receive an introduction into the way you can plan with SEM-BPS in the section Overview of Planning with SEM-BPS. The Scenario: Sales Planning offers a more detailed example.

Implementation Considerations

SEM-BPS is a planning system, in which you can record and evaluate aggregated plan data. It is suitable for the collection and maintenance of data from the various functional plan sections in one uniform view.


The actual data and plan data that you process with SEM-BPS is extracted automatically from the operational systems and written to the SAP Business Information Warehouse (SAP-BW). This means that the operational systems provide the data and in SEM-BPS, therefore, you do not have to deal with this. But you can also directly enter or automatically generate plan data within SEM-BPS without having to access transaction systems.

Business Planning is based on the same data basis, and has the same data collection facilities as the SEM-BIC, SEM-CPM, and SEM-SRM components.


Planning Objects

SEM-BPS, similar to the components SEM-BIC and SEM-CPM, relies on data from the SAP Business Information Warehouse (SAP BW). When you configure planning areas, you refer to SAP BW InfoCubes that provide the necessary characteristics and key figures. Within each planning area, you can produce plans which portray different planning views (for example, by group or business area), or you can produce plan sections (portraying investments or sales, for example). You can either enter your data manually or edit it using various automatic functions.

Versions allow you to maintain various plan scenarios for any particular time frame. You can produce plans for a fiscal year, and also cross-yearly plans, for example, June 1999 - March 2000.

Planning Functions

You carry out manual planning using planning layouts. You can configure these planning layouts as you wish. Here, you can use the characteristics and key figures from the data basis, and you can also define formulas for locally-calculated key figures. The planned data is saved bottom-up, which means that data from a lower level is aggregated to the next highest level.

For manual planning, SEM-BPS takes advantage of the integration of Microsoft Excel into the SAP System. This links the Microsoft Excel interface with the SEM-BPS planning functions. Plan documents that you produce and edit with Microsoft Excel are saved in the SAP System (together with the planning layout settings).

SEM-BPS also offers you the Powersim Studio tool to simulate dynamic events in your enterprise, and to derive appropriate planning measures. You can define complex scenarios where you can examine the behavior of your enterprise under changing conditions, and you can influence this behavior in the simulation by altering the parameters.

In automatic planning, the system generates plan data based on user-defined premises. After you have set the parameters for automatic planning, and have started the planning run, the plan data is automatically generated or changed, and subsequently posted.

Apart from recording plan data, there are various functions available for editing your plan data. Using revaluations, you can increase or decrease the plan data by a certain percentage. With the distribution functions, you distribute a total to a lower aggregation level, for example from fiscal year level to the period level. Using statistical methods, you can have the system project plan data based on historical figures (forecast).

Planning Applications

The SEM-BPS planning applications are used to solve standard tasks of business planning, for example balance sheet or profit planning, with as little configuration work possible. A planning application consists of specialized types of planning functions (for example, net present value or offsetting entry), if required, a user interface tailored to the application, Business Content of the SAP Business Information Warehouse (InfoCubes and InfoObjects), as well as preconfigured planning objects reconciled to this, for example planning areas, levels and functions. You can execute the respective planning task immediately with these means. Planning applications are based on the elementary planning objects and functions, which you edit in the planning environment.

See also:

Planning Environment

Predefined Planning Functions

User-Defined Planning Functions

Business Planning Functions

Planning Applications

Planning Profile