You can use characteristics-dependent planning (CDP) to plan in-house production for products using characteristics. The products are configurable in the R/3 system. You can configure planned orders and production orders for these products in SAP APO. The system includes the configuration when planning and consume requirements with the matching receipts (production orders, purchase orders, purchase requisitions, batch stock).
There is an incoming sales order from the R/3 system for the product Pipe that has the value red for the characteristic Color and the value 100 for the characteristic Length. In SAP APO, you have already created a production order for this material with the same valuation. If the sales order is now planned in SAP APO, the sales order is consumed with the production order.
CDP supports both make-to-order production and make-to-stock production.
To use CDP, ensure that the following prerequisites have been met:
· The general master data must be maintained. For more information, see APO Master Data.
· You have defined in SAP APO Customizing that you are working with characteristics-dependent planning. You can make these settings in Customizing in SAP APO under Advanced Planning and Optimization® Master Data ® Classification and Configuration ®Define Configuration Relevance (CDP or Variant Configuration).
· The materials must be configurable in the R/3 system (plug-in), or must be material variants that refer to a configurable material.
· The products must be assigned a class with class type 400.
When transferring from the R/3 system (plug-in), the system converts the classes with class type 300 and, if required, class type 023 to class type 400.
In the R/3 system, you must maintain a separate organizational area that is specified in the integration model for class characteristics.
In SAP APO, you can use the following structures from the R/3 system for the in-house production of products:
· CDP with Production Data Structures (PDS)
The system generates a production data structure for the BOM and the routing of a configurable material, and is transferred to SAP APO (see CDP with Production Data Structures (PDS))
The production data structures can be displayed, but not changed, in SAP APO.
· CDP with Production Process Model Plans (PPM Plan)
¡ The BOM and the routing for a configurable material are transferred as a PPM plan from the R/3 system.
¡ In SAP APO, you maintain the characteristics propagation at the PPM plan.
¡ You active the characteristics propagation in the PPM plan. You specify which characteristics are used for CDP when using characteristics propagation. The products must be assigned a class with class type 400.
When creating the integration model in the R/3 system, you specify if you wish to work with production data structures or with production process model plans in SAP APO.
If there is an incoming sales order in SAP APO, the system uses the configuration for characteristics-dependent planning.
In SAP APO, you can create planned orders or production orders with a specific configuration for a configurable product. The sales orders are assigned the matching planned or production orders using the quantity flow (pegging), and are consumed.
The batch classification is not used in the production order. If you specify batches as components in the production order, the system does not take into account the batch classification.
Planned orders with a configuration are converted internally into production orders when retransferring the data to the R/3 system; planned orders cannot have their own configuration in the R/3 system. You can only transfer the production orders with a configuration again when planning in a warehouse segment if you are using the industry-specific enhancement IS-MP.
Characteristics-dependent planning and block planning are generally used together. The setting CDP is not a prerequisite for block planning (see Block Planning) and you can also use block planning for non-configurable materials:
· If you are working with production data structures, you can use the classification of operations for block planning of non-configurable products (see Block Planning with Production Data Structures (PDS)).
· If you are working with PPM plans, you can use the standard valuation of the activities for block planning.