Web Dynpro is the SAP NetWeaver programming model for user interfaces and provides support when developing the Web representation of business applications. The Web Dynpro model is based on the Model View Controller paradigm, and has the following features that build on the classic dynpro model:
· Clear separation of business logic and display logic
· Uniform metamodel for all types of user interfaces
· Execution on a number of client platforms.
· Extensive platform independence of interfaces
In Web Dynpro, each user interface is always made up of the same basic elements (such as UI elements or events triggered by the user). These basic elements are declared using Web Dynpro tools. The event handling is programmed in separate source code areas which are executed automatically at runtime when the event is triggered.
When creating a Web Dynpro application, you use the Web Dynpro tools to describe the properties and functions of the application. The data created in this way is stored in tables as metadata. At a later time, the necessary source code, which is executed at runtime, is created from this metadata. Therefore, the metadata itself is independent of the rendering technique used at runtime.
To support this declarative concept, the SAP NetWeaver Developer Studio contains a range of Web Dynpro tools. You can therefore generate a large proportion of a Web Dynpro application using the tools provided, without having to create your own source code. This applies to the following parts of the application:
· Data flow between the front end and back end
· Layout of the user interface
· Properties of user interface elements
The Web Dynpro tools enable you to create source text areas manually within generated source texts. These areas are not changed if the source code is regenerated.
Implementing Web Dynpro enables you to clearly separate business logic and display logic. A Web Dynpro application runs on the front end and has local or remote access to the back end system via a service. This means that the display logic is contained in the Web Dynpro application, while the business logic and the persistence of the business objects run in the back end system. The following options are currently available for connecting Web Dynpro applications and the back end system:
· An interface generated using adaptive RFC, through which BAPIs of an SAP system can be called
· An interface for calling Web services
· A self-generated interface
The source code required for connecting the Web Dynpro application can be generated from a UML definition of the Web Dynpro interface. A UML definition can be imported into the Web Dynpro tools as an XML file.
Every Web Dynpro application is structured according to the Model View Controller paradigm:
· The model forms the interface to the back end system and thus enables the Web Dynpro application access to data.
· The view is responsible for the representation of the data in the browser.
· The lies between the view and the model.The controller formats the model data to be displayed in the view, processes the user entries made by the user, and returns them to the model.
The creation of applications using Web Dynpro is structured in Web Dynpro components. The following sections provide a detailed description of the most important parts of a Web Dynpro component.