The SAP System offers over forty standard country* versions, each of which is designed to allow you to run your business operations in a particular country.
This documentation concerns the standard country versions only, which are wholly part of the standard system. Nonstandard country versions, on the other hand, are provided by SAP's subsidiaries and partners in the form of modifications and add-ons, and may not necessarily be compatible with other add-on solutions. For more information, see the SAP Service Marketplace on service.sap.com/globalization.
Country versions do not constitute separate application components. Instead, the country-specific functions are contained in the various application components. This means that the Financial Accounting (FI) component, for example, does not just contain generic FI functions, but country-specific functions as well.
Since all of the country-specific functions are supplied in the standard system, all of the standard country versions are mutually compatible. This means, for example, that you can use the country versions for Brazil, China, and Turkey on a single physical system.
Each country version consists of the generic system functions, country-specific functions, and a country template. For consultants involved in implementation projects covering multiple countries, SAP also provides the SAP Globalization Knowledge Base. These are described in more detail in the following.
Every country version is based on the generic functions, that is, those functions that are shared by the vast majority of countries, such as General Ledger (FI‑GL) or Plant Maintenance (PM). These functions are documented in the rest of the SAP Library.
In addition to the generic functions, country versions also include country-specific functions. These are functions that are only used in a particular country and cover needs arising from local legislation or business practices. They include:
· Localized versions of generic functions
Some generic functions are heavily localized, for example, Travel Expenses (FI‑TV‑COS), which is available as a generic version and in a number of different country versions, and Payroll (PY). The standard SAP System also includes numerous value-added tax reports that cover the needs of different countries.
Other generic functions may only have to be localized for fewer countries, for example, the vendor payment history report, which is available in a generic form and as a Singaporean version.
· Functions not otherwise covered by the generic functions
An example of this is manufacturing cost sheet, as used in South Korea.
Which country versions you use does not have any bearing on which languages you operate the system in. For more information about which languages are available and which you can combine on a single physical system, see Language Transport (BC-CTS-LAN).
SAP Globalization Knowledge Base
The documentation is complemented by the SAP Globalization Knowledge Base, a tool for consultants who implement the system in multiple countries. For example, at the beginning of an implementation project, you can use it to assess the complexity of implementing the system in each country. For later on in the project, it offers detailed technical information about the additional functions and features that are available for each country. You can access it on the SAP Service Marketplace on service.sap.com/gkb.
* The term “country“ is used for convenience only and does not necessarily infer the existence of a nation state.