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Entering content frameFunction documentation Transfer Prices in Cost Object Controlling 

Use

Transfer prices are used to valuate the transfer of goods and services between the business units of a corporate group. The value of a good can be updated in up to three different valuation views.

The valuation views provides different perspectives on business transactions from the point of view of the individual company, of the corporate group, and of the profit center. You can define the following views in multiple valuation:

  • Legal view
  • Group view
  • Profit center view

Prerequisites

Maintain the central versions in Customizing for General Controlling.

To update inventory values in your actuals, you must be using the component Actual Costing/Material Ledger.

To calculate work in process at actual costs, make the relevant settings in Customizing for Product Cost by Order under Period-End Closing ® Work in Process ®

Define Results Analysis Versions.

Features

If you are not using transfer prices, the data relevant to cost accounting is updated in the R/3 System in the operational valuation view. The operational valuation view is normally the legal view.

If you are using transfer prices, certain data can be updated in parallel with the operational valuation view in the group view and in the profit center view.

Transfer prices can be used in Cost Object Controlling in the following manufacturing environments:

  • Make-to-stock production
  • Sales-order-related production with a valuated sales order stock

The following functions of Cost Object Controlling support transfer prices:

  • Preliminary cost estimates for manufacturing orders

The planned costs calculated in a preliminary cost estimate for a manufacturing order can be updated in up to three valuation views. You create preliminary cost estimates for manufacturing orders in Product Cost by Order.

  • Work in process at actual cost

You can update work in process at actual costs in up to three valuation views in parallel. You can calculate work in process at actual costs in Product Cost by Order.

  • Distribution of actual costs for cost object hierarchies

The actual costs updated to a cost object hierarchy can be distributed to the single objects assigned to the cost object hierarchy (such as product cost collectors) in the period-end closing activities of Product Cost by Period. You can perform this distribution in multiple valuation views.

Note that the distribution is only based on one target cost version for target cost calculation. This means that all valuations are distributed on the basis of the same target costs.

  • Distribution for co-products

The costs of a joint production process collected on the order header of a manufacturing order are distributed to the co-products at the end of the period. You can perform this distribution in multiple valuation views.

  • Collective orders with automatic goods movements

Cost controlling of collective orders with automatic goods movements is carried out in the Product Cost by Order component.

  • Sales order costing

When you create a sales order cost estimate in Product Cost by Sales Order, the calculated planned costs can be updated in multiple valuation views.

  • Results analysis

When you perform results analysis in Product Cost by Sales Order, the calculated results analysis data can be updated in multiple valuation views.

The planned costs used to calculate the results analysis data are not always available in multiple valuation views. For example, if the results of a sales order cost estimate updated to the sales order item are used to calculate the planned costs, these planned costs are on the sales order item only in the operational valuation view.

  • Update of inventory values of finished products

When products are received into inventory (goods receipt posting) and when the difference between the debit and credit of orders is settled, the values can be updated in multiple valuation views.

  • Settlement

At the end of the period, the difference between the debit and credit of manufacturing orders and product cost collectors can be settled to Financial Accounting (FI), Profit Center Accounting (EC-PCA), Profitability Analysis (CO-PA), and Actual Costing/Material Ledger (CO-PC-ACT). You can perform this settlement in multiple valuation views.

Constraints

Variances on production orders result automatically from the inventory receipt for each valuation approach (CO version). These variances are posted to the price difference account.

The variance calculation function, which breaks down the total variance into variance categories, is only supported by the operational version. You should take this into account if you are using the application component Profitability Analysis and want to transfer these variance categories into Profitability Analysis. The variances for the additional CO versions, too, can be transferred into Profitability Analysis through automatic account assignment, but these variances can only be transferred as a total and not broken down into variance categories. Variances from the group view are not transferred into CO-PA.

See also:

Implementation Guide (IMG)

  • General Controlling
  • Product Cost by Order
  • Actual Costing/Material Ledger

For detailed information on transfer prices, refer to the following:

Transfer Prices

and in the section Transfer Prices in the following sections.

For information on valuated sales order stocks, refer to the following section:

Structure linkValuated Sales Order Stock

For information on preliminary costing for manufacturing orders, refer to the following section:

Structure linkPreliminary Cost Estimates for Manufacturing Orders

Structure linkPreliminary Cost Estimates for CO Production Orders

For information on the distribution of actual costs for cost object hierarchies, refer to the following section:

Structure linkActual Cost Distribution

For information on distribution for co-products, refer to the following section:

Structure linkDistribution for Co-Products

For information on work in process at actual costs, refer to the following section:

Structure linkWork in Process in Product Cost by Order

For information on collective orders with automatic goods movements, refer to the following section:

Structure linkCollective Orders with Automatic Goods Movements

For information on sales order cost estimates, refer to the following section:

Structure linkSales Order Costing

For information on results analysis, refer to the following section:

Structure linkResults Analysis

For information on settlement, refer to the following sections:

Structure linkSettlement in Product Cost by Order or Period

Structure linkSettlement of Sales Order Items

For general information on updating the inventory values of finished products in multiple valuation, refer to the document

Structure linkActual Costing/Material Ledger.

For special information on displaying material ledger data in multiple valuation, refer to the following section:

Structure linkDisplaying Material Ledger Data

 

 

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