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 Pricing 

Use

When a sales document is created, the system automatically carries out pricing.

During billing you have the option to copy the prices from the sales document to the billing document or to have the system carry out pricing again. You can also trigger pricing manually.

Prerequisites

You define the pricing type in copying control. Controlling is carried out in SD Customizing via Billing

® Billing documents ® Maintain copying control for billing documents, Navigation Item, field: Pricing determination type.

Features

You can use the following pricing types when billing:

Taken from the standard settings:

  • A: Copy pricing elements and update according to scale
  • B: Carry out new pricing
  • C: Copy manual pricing elements and redetermine the others
  • D: Copy pricing elements unchanged
  • E: Copy pricing elements and values unchanged
  • F: Only used within the program
  • G: Copy pricing elements unchanged and redetermine taxes
  • H: Copy pricing elements and redetermine freight

The following figure shows how the pricing types function:

The following section describes pricing types in more detail.

A: Copy pricing elements and update according to scale

With this pricing type, the system:

  • Copies the pricing elements from the sales document (that is, it does not determine any new condition types).

The system then uses these pricing elements to determine the valid prices, surcharges, and discounts based on the quantity to be invoiced.

  • Redetermines the scale prices for changed delivery quantities

If the delivery quantity differs from the order quantity, the system determines the price, surcharges and discounts on the basis of the delivery quantity based on the scales that are valid at the time of order entry.

Invoice A. When an order was entered, the system used the January price list to determine a price of $9.00 per piece based on the rate for 20 pieces. At billing, the system uses the same price list, but uses the rate for 10 pieces (delivery quantity) to determine a price of $9.50 per piece.

B: Carry out new pricing

With this pricing type, the system:

  • redetermines pricing. The system determines valid pricing elements at the time of billing and uses those elements to determine the prices, surcharges and discounts.

For instance, the customer may be entitled to a special price after the sales order has been created. The system would then determine the relevant pricing element for this instance and find the valid price.

If the delivery quantity differs from the order quantity, the system determines the price, surcharges and discounts on the basis of the delivery quantity, according to the scales valid at the time of billing.

  • redetermines the taxes.

Invoice B. At the time of billing, there is a new price list and a new discount for March. The system uses this price list with the rate for 10 pieces to determine a material price of $10.50 per piece. It also determines a 2% discount. The system does not copy the manual surcharge or discount into the billing document since it is carrying out new pricing. The surcharge or discount entered manually in the order is not copied to the billing document, since pricing is carried out again.

C: Copy manual pricing elements and redetermine the others

With this pricing type, the system:

  • redetermines pricing (as above)
  • Copies manually entered pricing elements from the sales order
  • Redetermines the taxes

In the standard system, this pricing type is determined for items in an invoice using billing type F1.

Invoice C. As in invoice B, the system determines the new scale price of $10.50 per piece and copies the manually entered discount from the sales order into the invoice. Note: Customer loses quantity-based discount.

D: Copy pricing elements unchanged

With this pricing type, the system:

  • Copies the pricing elements and any automatically determined or manually entered surcharges and discounts from the sales order without changing them
  • Does not redetermine the tax

In the standard version of R/3, this pricing type is defined for items in credit and debit memos (billing document types G2 and L2).

Invoice D. This time the system does not use the delivery quantity as basis for pricing. It merely copies the price of $9.00 per piece from the sales order. It also copies the manually entered discount. Note: Customer keeps quantity based discount.

E: Copy pricing elements and values unchanged

With this pricing type, the system:

  • Copies the pricing elements and values unchanged with automatically determined or manually entered surcharges and discounts from the reference document
  • Does not redetermine the tax

In invoice E, 20 units are invoiced, even if only 10 units are delivered.

In the standard system, this pricing type is determined for items in a cancellation.

F: Only used within the program

This pricing type is used within the program during processing of group conditions.

G: Copy pricing elements unchanged and redetermine taxes

With this pricing type, the system:

  • redefines the following condition types:

– Taxes (condition class D)

– Rebate (condition class C)

– Intercompany billing conditions (condition category I)

– Invoice list conditions (condition category R)

– Condition types with condition category L

– Cost conditions (condition category G)

– Cash discount conditions (condition category E)

  • All other condition types are treated as in pricing type D.

In the standard version of the SAP R/3 system, this pricing type is defined for invoices of billing type

F2 as well as for pro forma invoices F5 and F8 .

H: Copy pricing elements and redetermine freight

With this pricing type, the system:

  • redefines the following condition types:

– Freight conditions (condition category B, F)

– Condition types with condition category L

  • All other condition types are treated as in pricing type A.

See also:

For further information, see

Conditions and Pricing.

In order to take field changes in the reference document into account for pricing, corresponding pricing types are defined for certain field changes.

Field change

Pricing type

Pricing date

C

Exchange rate

A

Ship-to party

G

Payer

G

Terms of payment

A

Incoterms

H

Batch

G

Plant

G

Quantity

A

Material

B

When a change is made in one of the above fields, the system automatically carries out pricing with the corresponding pricing type.