Planning strategies represent the business procedures for the planning of production quantities and dates. A wide range of production planning strategies are available in the SAP R/3 System, offering a large number of different options ranging from puremake-to-order production to make-to-stock production. Depending on the strategy you choose, you can:
- Use sales orders and/or sales forecast values to create the demand program
- Move the stocking level down to the assembly level so that final assembly is triggered by the incoming sales order
- Carry out Demand Management specifically for the assembly
You can also combine planning strategies. This means that you could select the planning strategyPlanning with Final Assembly (40) for a finished product, but you can still select a different strategy, such as Planning at Assembly Level (70) for an important assembly in the BOM of this finished product.
The planning strategies available for a material are listed in Customizing. You can assign a planning strategy to a material in the material master record, by means of a strategy group. Different requirements types are defined for each of the strategies and each requirements type contains important control parameters.