Matrix Organization: Define Matrix Types
In a matrix organization, two different structures overlap on the same
hierarchical level, that is to say, a vertical structure is combined with a horizontal structure. With relation to Organizational
Management, the points where the two structures intersect can represent
the positions, which are responsible for carrying out the tasks in both the vertical and horizontal structures.
In this step, you define matrix types, which, depending on the object
types you have chosen to display in the two dimensions, describe a particular manifestation of your matrix organization.
First, you specify the start objects that will be arranged in the horizontal and vertical dimensions of your matrix organization.
By entering an evaluation path for both dimensions ("SBESX", for example), you determine which additional object types are to be
displayed in the matrix view and which object structures are to be
displayed in the projeciton view. Finally, you specify the type of
relationship (matrix relationship) between the objects and the two dimensions.
The following example explains the impact of a matrix organization on business:
- Example: Division matrix organization
An enterprise in the consumer industry with a few hundred employees is
organized in a functional hierarchy. As time has passes, three product
groups or divisions form: the stereo department, the household appliances department and the bicycle department.
As a base, the division matrix organization uses a division organization that is overlapped by an organization based on functional
hierarchy with central departments. The division leaders are responsible for their divisions, which are profit centers and can be
considered as financially but not legally independant enterprises.
Primary functions of the production and sales processes such as
marketing and development as well as secondary functions, such as
financial accounting and payroll are integrated with these divisions but also happen in central departments.
This leads to a double subordination of employees. The head of the
payroll department, for example, is subordinate to his division leader.
He also reports according to the guidelines of the payroll department.
The matrix allows transparency in the enterprise constellations
described above and guarantees that you can display and evaluate the
employees that report to two different people (and the positions, which
they occupy), their functional classificaiton on the one hand, and the division they belong to on the other.
In the matrix view, the central departments (Object type="O") are
arranged as organizational units in the verticle dimension, dimension
1, and as divisions (Object type="IL") in the horizontal dimension,
dimension 2. Assignments are then represented by the points at which
the two dimansions intersect, the relationship period is also displayed here.
The matrix relationship is:
Employee (position) "belongs to" division X (A222), or
Division X "includes SAP objects" (B 222).
To display the entire structure of dimension 1 (central area)
(including the positions relevant for the matrix relationships), you
must have entered the evaluation path "SBESX" in the previous example.
1. Choose 'New entries'.
The 'New entries: Added details' screen appears.
2. Enter an abbreviation of up to 10 characters and a description of up to
25 lines for the new matrix type. You may use the entries "division" and "division organization" in the above example.
3. Enter a description of the dimension of up to 25 lines and select an
object type (in the above example "central area" and "division", as well as object types "O" and "IL")
4. By entering an evaluation path (in example: "SBESX"), you detemine
which structure in the dimension and in the projection view can be
displayed. Entering an evaluation path is unnecessary if the objects in a dimension (division, for example) do not form a structure.
5. Select the name of the matrix relationship which is to apply to the
relationship between objects in the two dimensions (A/B222, see above).
You can enter the matrix type you have created in this step when you go
in to matrix maintenance. The parameters will be transferred into the
subsequent dialog box. Simply enter the start objects of the two dimensions.