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 Value Driver Tree (CPM-VDT)


Value driver trees enable you to analyze complex dependencies between measures that are interpreted as value drivers. For this purpose, you create a directed network, for example, with goodwill as the root node. You connect value drivers that have a direct influence to this root node. Then you add further (abstract) generic value drivers, such as the value drivers used in the context of the shareholder value approach by Alfred Rappaport, and finally your own business-specific value drivers, which you can manipulate. This tool allows you to attribute abstract factors to concrete factors, which you can directly influence.

In contrast to scorecards, value driver trees are not valid for specific organizational units and are not dependent on the relationships between the organizational units.

The following graphic shows an example of a value driver tree.

You can also see on the left side of the graphic to what extent you can influence the business-specific value drivers, and to what extent a change of the value driver has effects on the influenced value drivers.

When you model value driver trees, you have the choice of two variants:

  • Value driver trees that you can use at runtime to execute simulations for various organizational units that all share the same mathematical relation.

  • Value driver trees for which you cannot execute a simulation and are only used for the graphical display of these influence relationships.

Implementation Considerations

You use the value driver tree to explain the interplay of value drivers (= measures), or to execute simulations. By means of a value driver tree, you can recognize dependencies, based on which you can, for instance, influence cash flow.


  • The value driver trees are only displayed in your HTML browser.

  • You can assign Web reports from the SAP Business Information Warehouse (SAP BW) to each value driver to allow you to run them immediately from the value driver tree.

  • You can assign URL s to each value driver to access Internet pages, or documents stored on a server.

  • You can assign documents of the SEM Business Information Collection (SEM-BIC) component to each value driver.

  • You can create value driver trees based on the BPS formulas (SEM Business Planning and Simulation (SEM-BPS) ) (SE


The following functions are available to you:

  • Graphical display of the dependencies in a tree structure

  • A zoom function in the display of the value driver tree

  • Easy navigation using a navigation tree.

  • You can switch quickly between the display of "X influences Y" relationships and "X is influenced by Y" relationships.

  • If you have assigned a Web report from the SAP BW to a value driver, you can call up the Web report directly from the display of the value driver tree.

  • If you assigned a URL to a value driver, you can call up the referenced object immediately in the value driver tree display

  • You can print the current display using the standard print dialog of your browser.

  • If you created a value driver tree that supports simulations, you can enter data directly in the relevant value fields for the value driver and get the system to calculate the other data. You can save the calculated data in an InfoCube.

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