UPDATE dbtab - source


... { {SET set_expression [WHERE sql_cond]}
    | {FROM wa|{TABLE itab}} }.


1. ... SET set_expression [WHERE sql_cond]

2. ... FROM wa

3. ... FROM TABLE itab


The specifications in source define which rows and columns are changed. Either individual columns are changed using the addition SET or entire rows are overwritten using the addition FROM.

After FROM, either a non-table-type data object wa or an internal table itab can be specified. The content of these objects determines - on the one hand - which row(s) is/are changed, and

- on the other hand - which values are used to overwrite the row(s).

Alternative 1

... SET set_expression [WHERE sql_cond]


After the addition SET, the changes are specified in a list of change expressions in set_expression.

The addition WHERE uses a logical expression sql_cond to define in which rows of the database table the changes are executed. For the logical expression sql_cond, the same applies as for the WHEREcondition of the statement SELECT, with the exception that no subqueries are to be evaluated in the database table to be changed. If no WHERE condition is specified, all the rows in the database table are changed. If a column of the type STRING or RAWSTRING is changed, the primary key must be fully specified in the WHERE condition.

The content of primary key fields can only be changed if the respective database table is not linked with a search help and if pool and cluster tables are not accessed. If a link was to be created through the changes and this row would cause double entries in the primary key or a unique secondary index of the database table, no row is changed and sy-subrc is set to 4.



Dynamic conversion of the content of an arbitrary column in an arbitrary database table of a previous currency in Euro.

            column   TYPE c LENGTH 30,
            old_curr TYPE sycurr.

DATA: set_expr  TYPE string,
      condition TYPE string.

CONCATENATE column ` = 'EUR'`
            INTO set_expr.

CONCATENATE column ` = old_curr`
            INTO condition.

    UPDATE (table)
    SET    (set_expr)
    WHERE  (condition).
  CATCH cx_sy_dynamic_osql_error.
    MESSAGE `Error in update!` TYPE 'I'.

Alternative 2

... FROM wa


If you specify a non-table-type work area wa, the system will search for a row in the database table which, in its primary key, has the same content as the respective beginning part of the work area. The content of the work area is interpreted in its non-converted form and in accordance with the structure of the database table or the view. The content of the work area is assigned to this row. The assignment takes place without conversion from the left to the right in accordance with the structure of the database table or the view. The work area must fulfill the prerequisites for use in Open SQL statements.

If there is no row with the same content for the primary key in the database or if the change would lead to a double entry in a unique secondary index, the line is not changed and sy-subrc is set to 4.


Alternative 3

... FROM TABLE itab


When an internal table itab is specified, the system processes all the rows of the internal table in accordance with the rules for the work area wa. The row type of the internal table must meet the requirements for use in Open-SQL statements.

If, in the database, there is no row with the same content of the primary key for a row in the internal table, or if the change would lead to a double entry in a unique secondary key, the respective row is not changed and sy-subrc is set to 4. If the internal table is empty, sy-subrc is set to 0. The system field sy-dbcnt is always set to the number of rows actually inserted.


Reduction of the flight cost for all of today's flights of an airline carrier in the database table SFLIGHT by the percentage percent. The calculation of the new price is always done in an internal table sflight_tab and the database table is changed accordingly.

PARAMETERS: p_carrid TYPE sflight-carrid,
            percent  TYPE p LENGTH 1 DECIMALS 0.

DATA sflight_tab TYPE TABLE OF sflight.
FIELD-SYMBOLS <sflight> TYPE sflight.

       FROM sflight
       INTO TABLE sflight_tab
       WHERE carrid = p_carrid AND
             fldate = sy-datum.

IF sy-subrc = 0.
  LOOP AT sflight_tab ASSIGNING <sflight>.
    <sflight>-price =
      <sflight>-price * ( 1 - percent / 100 ).

UPDATE sflight FROM TABLE sflight_tab.