You can post goods issue for a process orders in several different ways. The material components for which you want to post the goods issue can all be assigned to one operation or phase, and can be distributed on different operations and phases.
1. Goods issue posting with transaction MIGO:
You can carry out goods issue posting for all components using transaction MIGO from materials management. You can post partial quantities or the entire component quantity. For partial quantities, the system reports the remaining quantity to be posted as an open quantity.
2. Goods issue posting via order confirmation:
Goods issue for all components can be posted via the confirmation transaction (order or phase confirmation). You can carry out posting for a partial quantity with reference to the quantity that is to be confirmed for the material produced (partial confirmation) or with reference to the total quantity to be produced for the header material (final confirmation).
3. Goods issue posting via phase confirmation:
For phase confirmation, you can post partial quantities proportionally to the quantity of the header material to be confirmed via partial confirmations. The system then proposes the material components assigned to the phase for goods issue.
4. Backflushing material components:
You can backflush material components via the confirmation transaction. Backflushing can be carried out in partial quantities, as described below.
5. Goods issue posting for process management:
You can carry out backflushing of components via the PI sheet (see the process step Process Control). The system also issues corresponding process messages during posting.
If you are using the Warehouse Management system, you can trigger goods issue posting in the background in materials management.
You can use transaction MB1A for background processing.
· Batch Determination:
If you are using components that are subject to batch management, and which are assigned via batch determination before the material items are posted, you must make the relevant settings for batch determination (see Batch Determination). In this case, batch determination is carried out in the process order. Batch determination can also be carried out using the goods movement functions described above. In this case, you must have defined the Customizing for batch determination in materials management.
· Storage Locations:
The system proposes the issue storage location before posting is carried out, and if the location is defined in the material master record in the relevant component or in the BOM item in the bills of material. Otherwise, you must enter storage locations manually using the material posting transactions.
· Determine Movement Types:
Check if the necessary settings have been made for controlling the automatic selection of movement types for goods issue posting. Here, the movement types for additional postings are stored, with regards to process order management. The SAP standard movement type 261 must be defined for goods issue posting. Otherwise, the system will not propose a movement type for goods movement via the confirmation transaction; posting will generate error records, and you will not be able to carry out posting via transaction MIGO.
In Customizing, choose Production Planning for Process Industries → Process Order → Integration → Define Movement Types(transaction: OPKA).
In Customizing for Process Industries, you do not need to make special settings for controlling goods issue posting via transaction MIGO.
If you are only using transaction MIGO to carry out posting, you must ensure that the All Components indicator is not set in Customizing under Production Planning for Process Industries →Process Order → Operations → Confirmation → Define Confirmation Parameters (transaction: OPK4).
Otherwise, you can post additional goods issues via confirmation after you have posted the goods issue via transaction MIGO. If you have first posted the goods issue using the confirmation transaction (the Completed and Final Issue Effected indicator is set for each item), then the system will show that the document has no further items to be posted and reports the quantity 0 (when using transaction MIGO for posting). You can also carry out additional posting if the Propose All Items indicator is not set under Settings → Default Values in transaction MIGO.
Goods issue for components and component batches can be posted via confirmation.
If you have set the All Components indicator on the Generally Valid Settings tab page for each plant and process order, then the system proposes all components for which goods issue is to be posted (see Production Planning for Process Industries → Process Order → Operations → Confirmation → Define Confirmation Parameters (transaction: OPK4)).
In the confirmation transaction for order confirmation, you can adjust the quantities and storage locations for the components and batches, and add additional components and batches using the Goods Movement tab page.
You can define a general error handling on the Single Record Entry tab page in the confirmation parameters for each plant and process order type if posting is not successful:
· If you set the Goods Movements indicator, the system generates an error log. If you do not correct the error and still carry out posting, the system will generate a postprocessing record.
· If you have also set the Termination for Incorrect Goods Movement indicator, the system issues an error log and cancels processing if the error is not corrected. In this way, you can prevent postprocessing records from being generated. The error can then be corrected, and you can carry out the posting again. If you do not set the indicator, the system generates a postprocessing record when an error occurs. In the SAP Easy Access menu, choose Logistics → Production – Process → Process Order → Environment → Material Movement → Failed Goods Movement (transaction COGI), to correct and carry out the posting again.
To post the goods issue via phase confirmation for components and component batches, you must define the same settings in Customizing as for Goods Issue via Order Confirmation.
In phase confirmation, the system only displays those components on the goods movement overview that are assigned to the relevant operation and phase (via component assignment to operations and phases in the material list of the master recipe).
If you are using transaction COR6N for phase confirmation, you must define the same settings for controlling goods movement in Customizing as for Goods Issue Posting via Order Confirmation. In Customizing, choose Production Planning for Process Industries → Process Order → Operations → Confirmation → Define Confirmation Parameters (transaction: OPK4).
Components for which you want to carry out backflushing are displayed in the confirmation transaction Goods Movements Overview but not in the goods issue transaction in materials management (such as MIGO). You do not need to set the All Components indicator in the confirmation parameters for components to be backflushed. The system posts the goods issue automatically with confirmation. Apart from the Backflushing indicator, no other Customizing settings are required for different master data.
In the process order, you can display the postings that were created for the process order: To do so, you must set the Planned Goods Issue indicator under Documentation of Goods Movements on the Implementation tab page in Customizing for order type-dependent parameters. Here, you can also define a standard profile for issuing the documented goods movement in the process order. If you do not define a profile, you must always select it manually after calling up this list. You can also display unplanned goods issues in this list that were created for the order. To do so, set the Unplanned Goods Issue indicator in Customizing under Production Planning for Process Industries → Process Order → Master Data → Order → Order Type-Dependent Parameters (transaction: COR4).
· Specify the issue storage location in the material master record or in the BOM in the item details for the component.
· If components are backflushed, you must set the backflushing indicator either in the material master record of the material component, in the master record for a resource, or in the material list for each component, in order for the system to automatically propose backflushing in the item detail in the material list in the process order. You can also set the indicator manually in the process order.
In the master recipe, you must define a control key for the operation and phase that have components that are to be backflushed assigned to them; the control key either defines if a confirmation is to be carried out, a confirmation is to be carried out but is not required, or if a milestone confirmation is to be carried out. In Customizing, choose Production Planning for Process Industries →Process Order → Master Data → Order → Master Recipe Data → Define Control Keys (transaction OPJ8). For more information about backflushing, see the SAP documentation.